The stadium is currently the second largest cricket stadium in the world, after the Melbourne Cricket Ground and is also the second largest stadium in India after the Salt Lake Stadium or Yuba Bharati Krirangan. Because of its importance, it is considered the Lord's of India.
It is located in Calcutta and was built in 1865. Since its founding to the present day, it has changed names several times up to the present. The first test match played in the Eden Gardens took place in January 1934 between India and England. The first ODI in this field was played on 18 February 1987 between India and Pakistan.
Since then, it has regularly served as a home stadium for the Indian national team for tests, ODIs and Twenty20. In addition, it was used for a preliminary round and the final of the Cricket World Cup 1987, a semi-final of the Cricket World Cup 1996 and for three preliminaries for the Cricket World Cup 2011, including the women's World Cup in 1978 and 1997.
The highest scores in a Test match in this venue are 657/7 in 2001, 643/6 in 2010, 633/5 in 1998 and 631/7 in 2011.
VVS Laxman (1217 runs), Rahul Dravid (962 runs) and Mohammad Azharuddin (860 runs) are the highest run scorers in Test matches in Eden Gardens. Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) is the highest wicket-taker, followed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishan Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
India has the highest ODI score in this field and scored 404 for 5 wickets in one match in 2014. Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs) and Azharuddin (332 runs) are the highest run-getter in one-day internationals at this stadium. Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each) has the maximum wickets. Kapil Dev scored a hat-trick against Sri Lanka in a one-day international in 1991 at the Eden Gardens.
In the Indian Premier League, the stadium is used as a home stadium by the Kolkata Knight Riders.