The Republic Day 2017 is a national holiday, along with the October 2, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi and 15 August, the Independence Day. India awakes to the sound of military drums, gears, bands with a breakfast of patriotism. Children go to school and government offices remain open and it is not a contradiction as the day is declared a national holiday to allow, especially children, to devote themselves to the celebrations organized in the school and offices to revive the sense of unity and love for country.
Patriotism is a very important value that is carefully cultivated over the years. There is no Indian who does not know how to sing the National Anthem Jana Gana Mana The anthem is taught in schools and repeated every morning, during the school prayers.
In schools across India, there are marches, cultural programs, tricolor flags waved in unison from north to south.
The heart of the festival, however, is in New Delhi, the capital of the nation. The army is deployed and a big parade travels the streets of the city through the Rajpath.
India became independent from the British on August 15, 1947, but the first Republic Day was celebrated only years later on 26 January 1950. January 26 in commemoration of the first declaration of independence was proclaimed by the Congress in 1930. 1950 was selected because it took almost two and a half years to forge a new constitution, written by the Constituent Assembly led by BR Ambedkar, a political leader and representative of the untouchables.
To write the constitution have been employed to be exact 166 days of meetings, which churned out two handwritten copies, one in Hindi and one in English, with the longest constitution in the world containing 444 articles as against only 7 in the US.