Ford is preparing to challenge the contestant and former subsidiary Land Rover Jeep sold to Tata in 2008 with the new generation of the Bronco, a tough jeep to debut within 2020. The news comes from a document signed by the Dearborn House with the United Auto Workers union (UAW), which speaks, among other items on the renewal of the contract, the start of production in 2018 of the next generation of medium Ranger pick up in the renovated site of Michigan Assembly Plant, and soon after, the Bronco jeep.
The decision by Ford Motor Authority says in reporting the news, takes into account the global growth in demand for light trucks and off-road work and the two new models the Ranger for the US market will be derived from what is already on sale other countries will be used to complete the Blue Oval offering in this segment.
The future Bronco may arise in the design, a concept presented with the same name at the Detroit Auto Show in 2004, with square lines and muscular reminiscent of the look you should have the next generation of the Land Rover Defender and they are also in tune with the look of the Jeep Wrangler and its 'heir' which should debut as a 2017 model year.
The Ford Bronco was introduced in 1966 to compete with compact SUVs like the Jeep CJ-5 and the International Harvester Scout, and was built on a platform that was not shared with any other model. The restyling of 1978 profoundly changed the model, so as to move the category: compact became full-size . The Ford Bronco was from that year built on the frame of the shortened Ford F-Series to compete with their counterparts Chevrolet K5 Blazer. It was available in only one type of bodywork, SUV two doors. The engine was at the front, while the drive was full or rear.
The full size Ford Bronco and their successor Expedition were produced at the Ford plant in Wayne in Michigan. It was also built in Venezuela. The Ford Bronco entered the popular culture on 17 June 1994, when a white specimen of 1993, which belonged to Al Cowlings, a friend of OJ Simpson, was involved in a chase between the two and the police Los Angeles, after it happened murder of Ronald Goldman and Simpson's wife.
The first set of Bronco was an off-road vehicle which was launched on the market to compete with the Jeep CJ and the International Harvester Scout. This generation of Bronco had been built on a frame rather short, 2.337 mm, and was designed to be suitable for journeys on rough terrain. It was therefore unsuitable for use in the city. The Bronco was the first compact SUV from Ford: the niche of medium and compact SUV Ford was subsequently occupied by the Bronco II, from Explorer and Escape, which were made on the basis of the pick-up of the House, the Ranger.
The idea of marketing a vehicle with the features of the Bronco was the product manager of Ford, Donald Nelson Frey, who also conceived the Mustang . This idea was then put into practice by Lee Iacocca. The Ford Bronco possessed, unlike the Mustang, most peculiar characteristics; In fact, the Mustang was based on the Ford Falcon , while the Bronco had the chassis, suspension and body that did not stem from any other vehicle.
The Bronco was designed by the engineer Paul G. Axelrad. Although the axles and brakes derived from those of the Ford F-100, that is, from a pickup four-wheel drive, the front end was characterized by overlapping arms installed to counteract the longitudinal forces; were mounted between the frame and the area rear of the transmission, immediately in front of the axis and a lateral stabilizer bar, which allowed the use of helical springs and allowed to obtain a turning circle of 10.4 m, a large excursion of the wheel and a pitch reduced, useful for using the vehicle as a snow plow. The rear suspension was more conventional, with crossbows type Hotchkiss. In the standard equipment there were a postponement of the box Dana Corporation, the hubs locked all front end and, as an option, the high-performance suspension.
The engine that was offered at the beginning of the commercialization of the Bronco was a six-cylinder 2.8 L of displacement. This engine had tappets in glass, a crankcase 6 L, a pump fuel high performance, the air filter in an oil bath and a carburetor with a tray prepared for travel on steep slopes.
The design of the line was subject to the simplicity and economy, so the glasses were flat, the bumpers were formed by shaped elements of "C", the frame was a box structure, and architecture of the goalkeeper left and right was identical , with the exception of the attacks.
Early Bronco were proposed with wagon body, the ever-popular version with passenger compartment in two places, and the least common open configuration. The latter, however, was soon taken off the market, but in addition was also a sports construction.
The base price was 2,194 dollars, but was offered a long list of options, including the seats front and individual rear bench seat, the tachometer, the radio frequencies which received category town band, in addition to the trailer hitch, the power socket, the device snowplow, the winch and the auger. Components available thanks to aftermarket were setting up to convert the media into a camper, the overdrive, special wheels, the frame for tires and some items to be installed in the engine for better performance.
The Bronco sold well the first year of commercialization, with 23,776 copies distributed in the market, and he finished second in the compact SUV, behind the CJ-5. This changed in 1969 with the advent of the full-size SUV Chevrolet Blazer. Lacking a specific platform for an SUV of these characteristics, the Blazer was based on a platform that was used to pick-up of large size. Compared to the Bronco, the Blazer was bigger, more powerful and offered more comfort as well as the most-decorated interiors. Also it could be equipped with different options, including automatic transmission and power steering. Ford, to counter competition, enlarged the V8 engine of 4.7 L of displacement and 200 hp of power, to 4.9 L and 205 hp, but this was not enough to reach the engine of the Blazer, with its 5, 7 L and 255 hp.
In 1973 the engine was replaced by a 2.8 L engine with six-cylinder 3.3-L, power steering and gearbox were available as an option , and sales rose to 26,300 units. Sales of the Blazer, however, were double those of the Bronco, and had also debuted Scout II , which was categorized in the category of the Blazer. In 1974 it was launched the Jeep Cherokee (SJ), which was more suitable for the average driver than the more rustic Bronco.
The low sales of the Bronco (230,800 copies in 12 years) did not allow large investments to update the model, which remained almost identical to the 1978, that is, until the year of the launch of the second generation, which was more similar to the Blazer. The last year of production of this first series of the Bronco were sold 14,546 copies.
The redesign of the Bronco in 1978 was based on the pickup F-100. It provided a removable roof and a rear bench folding Blazer similarly to, and possessed many components of the frame , the power unit and the car body in common with the F-100. In addition, the entire front section was indistinguishable from that of large off-road vehicles Ford of those years. The draft revision of the Bronco began in 1972 , but its development was altered due to the oil crisis of 1973.
In 1978 the Bronco were equipped headlights round front (except RangerXLT), but the following year they were replaced by sealed beam. The engine was from 5.75 L of displacement, and as optional was provided a propeller from 6.6 L. The rear axle by 9 inches and the front one, which was a Dana 44 , were included in the equipment standards, together with the leaf springs for suspension rear.
The Bronco of this second generation was marketed by providing a choice of the four-wheel drive permanent (which used a transfer case chain), or selectable all-wheel drive (which provided for a transfer case gear), which was more common.
This series of Bronco also maintained the tailgate and the rear window of a single piece, that borrowed from the previous series. The rear window could lower electrically through a switch located outside the vehicle or mounted on the dashboard . This mechanism, however, was causing problems for some buyers, who complained of an overheating problem or breaking of the electric motor due to the weight of the glass. Customers also complained about water leaks that were causing rusting of the tailgate. Nevertheless, this mechanism was maintained until 1996 .
In 1979 he was introduced the catalytic converter along with other components designed to reduce pollutant emissions.
The engines were two available, both V8 . The first had a displacement of 5.75 L , while the second of 6.6 L. The changes were available instead of three, two manuals and one four-speed automatic three reports. The latter was the Ford C6 , while the first two were the Borg-Warner T-18 and the New Process NP435 .
The Bronco was the subject of a major revision in 1980, which also coincided with the redesign of the F-Series. The new Bronco was shorter and had undergone changes in the powertrain, in suspensions and other mechanical components. The most important one, was the replacement of the axle drive of the second set with a Dana 44 Twin Traction Beam.
The latter was a suspension hybrid independent front where the front rigid axle, which revolved around the differential, was coupled with coil springs, the latter to replace the leaf springs. This system ensured a better control of the vehicle and a high comfort, both on public roads and on rough terrain, but it penalized the wheel travel, and was known to be difficult to manage when they were mounted tires of more measures than those foreseen series.
With a Bronco smaller than those of the previous series, and considering the economy Fuel , Ford offered as a motor base a six-cylinder 4.9 L of displacement . Although this engine had a torque greater than the V8 engine from 4.95 L, and comparable to that of the V8 from 5.75 L (both cited thrusters were offered for the Bronco), engine performance were limited by a carburetor single body and a single collector exhaust . The engine from 5.75 L was offered in two versions, 351W and 351m . In 1984 they were added to the electronic systems for the control of polluting emissions, and this simply further engine performance in-line six-cylinder.
In 1985 there was the dell 'introduction injection ; the first engine on which it was mounted was that of 4.95 L. In the same year was also introduced the automatic transmission four-speed with overdrive . Transmissions available were the Borg-Warner T-18 manual four-speed, the New Process NP435 four-speed manual, the Tremec RTS OverDrive four-speed automatic and the AOD four-speed automatic. The exhibition Eddie Bauer began to be available from 1985.
Concerning the logos, the 1982 Ford returned to the use of the blue oval in substitution of the word "FOR D" on the hood motor. The mirrors Power door were offered for the first time in 1981; the classical square mirrors and electrically adjustable were removed in 1986.
In 1987 the body work and the powerplant of the Bronco were being revised, although this new series which is also derived from the Ford F-Series . The new more aerodynamic car body followed the trend inaugurated by Ford in 1987, that year he revisited all its models. In 1988 all the Bronco were sold with the ' electronic injection , which was introduced on Bronco in 1985 on the V8 engine from 4.95 L of displacement .
The other engines available were the six-cylinder 4.9 L, and from 5.75 L V8, which had signs 351W.
In 1991 it was on sale the special series commemorating the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Bronco, which provided for the application, amongst other things, of special logos and was called Silver Anniversary . This series also included special paint in red or gray, and interior skin red. From 1991 to 1992 he was also provided another special series, called Nite , which was similar to the F-Series; specimens produced the first year are relatively rare. All Bronco were built in Wayne , in Michigan , in the same production lines of ' F-150 . This generation of Bronco was also assembled in Venezuela .
In 1987 he was added, among optional of Bronco with 4.95 L engine, the manual gearbox five-speed M5OD-R2 of Mazda . From 1988 to 1989 the Bronco with motor 351W had supplied the automatic three-speed transmission Ford C6 . In 1990 he was installed as standard equipment, the Bronco with motor 351W with 4.9 L engine, the automatic transmission four-speed E4OD with overdrive . The automatic four-speed AOD was installed instead, from 1987 to 1990, the Bronco with motor 4,95 L. Since 1991 the latter change was available on all engines.
The V8 engine and automatic transmission were standard on versions instead of Eddie Bauer , Nite and Silver Anniversary
The height of this generation Bronco varied with the years of commercialization: was 1,880 mm from 1987 to 1989, and 1,890 mm in 1989 from 1991.
The Bronco was updated, along with the Ford F-Series, in 1992. The model was redesigned strongly considering the aspects of security, and then were provided a front area of impact deformation, seat belts rear, a third brake light incorporated in the removable roof and, after 1994 , the ' airbag driver's side. Because of the backlights and of safety belts, now integrated in the roof, the latter became no longer removable by law.
The exterior changes led to a front from the clean lines, while the interior with a new instrument panel . The mirrors Electric were again offered by 1992, and in 1996 the Bronco became the first vehicle to incorporate turn signals in the mirrors. This series of Bronco was built both in the United States than in Venezuela. The height of the vehicle varied according to the years of production: it was 74.5 inches from 1992 to 1994, and 74.4 from 1995 to 1996.
The changes were M5OD-R2 of the Mazda, which was manual five-speed, the AOD-E four-speed E4OD, also four-speed. These last two were automatic. The engines offered were three. The smallest was a six-cylinder 4.9 L of displacement, while the other two were the V8 from 4.95 L and 5.75 L.
From the late eighties to 1996, year of the end of production of the Bronco, the model was also sold by dealers Ford in a modified version with four doors , which was similar to the Ford Excursion and the Chevrolet Suburban. These Bronco four doors were converted by Centurion Vehicles of White Pigeon, Michigan. The conversion consisted of a new more spacious passenger compartment, similar to that of large SUVs of the F-Series, with the Bronco tailgate and sunroof fiberglass . In addition, it was added as an option , a third row of seats that could be turned into a bed. The second row of seats had been equipped with a TV with VCR.
This version was known as Bronco Bronco Centurion, and possessed the basic mechanics of the pickup F-350. The Bronco Centurion was offered with different engines. There were two petrol engine, with engine capacity of 5.8 L and 7.5 L, and a Diesel engine supercharged 7.3 L. The Bronco Centurion had installed a radar detector.
The Bronco Centurion are considered to be aftermarket products. Ford introduced an SUV with four doors in 2000. In mid- 1996 the Ford officially announced the end of production of the Bronco. The last of Bronco came out of the assembly line on June 12, 1996, and was escorted by Bronco 1970 Jeff Trapp, during a closing ceremony. The Bronco was replaced by the Ford Expedition, which satisfy the four-door SUV demand, which has the pre-eminent market. This new SUV was in competition with the Chevrolet Tahoe and Chevrolet Suburban.
In 2004, at the Motor Show in New York, was presented the Ford Bronco concept. Some features of this SUV, as the shape of the roof, a step short, the lights round the front, recalled the Bronco series product. Unlike the latter, the Bronco concept, however, had a diesel engine with four-cylinder turbocharged 2 L of displacement with intercooler, and a manual gearbox with six speeds. In addition, this concept was built on the platform Escape. Ford considered the start of production of the model, but never took the final decision.