Friday, October 14, 2016

APJ Abdul Kalam - A Lesson for Teachers

Abdul Kalam was the eleventh President of India, exercising this position from 2002 to 2007. Because of his work style, which was not conventional, he was also popularly known as the President of the People. Prior to his term as President of India, he had distinguished himself as an engineer and visionary and was awarded the highest Indian civilian honor of the Bharat Ratna in 1997.

Little did Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma knew that their son would grow up to be the first citizen of India. An Indian scientist and an administrator, Kalam was one of the most respected in the country and has contributed immensely both as a scientist and as President. His contribution to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been immense.

He was responsible for numerous projects such as Project Devil, a brave project, and launch of Rohini-1, as well as developed missiles under the missions Agni and Prithvi. For the same, he was popularly tagged as Missile Man of India. Kalam was honored with great laurels and awards for his work by the Government of India and other countries. Kalam served as a visiting professor at several esteemed institutions and universities of India.

APJ Abdul Kalam was born to Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma on 15 October 1931. He came from a family where financial conditions were not healthy enough. As a means to support their meager family income, Kalam took odd jobs in its infancy, but never gave up on his education. He graduated from the University of Saint Joseph, Tiruchirappalli in 1954 but not satisfied with the degree, he left for Madras then next year to study aerospace engineering. He enrolled at the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT).

After graduating from MIT, Kalam took the position of scientific director of development at the institution of defense aeronautics research and development organization (DRDO). However, the profile does not have much appeal Kalam who has moved to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle.

Abdul Kalam wallpaper

His years at the ISRO were the most crucial, as they left a lasting impact on him. Kalam lead many projects and proved to be successful every time.

In 1970, Kalam directed two projects, namely, Project Devil, which sought to develop ballistic missile technology from the successful program SLV. A milestone was reached when locally built Rohini-1 was launched into space, using the rocket SLV. A look at the success of rave Kalam, the government has agreed to the launch of an advanced missile under his direction. He played a key role in the development of missiles under the missions Agni and Prithvi.

Kalam was the Chief Executive of the integrated guided missile development program (IGMDP) that has sought in the simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking the missiles planned one. From 1992 until 1999, Kalam was appointed the chief scientific adviser to the prime minister and the secretary of defense research and development organization. It was during this time that Kalam served as chief project coordinator for Pokhran II nuclear tests, after which he was affectionately called Missile Man of India.

Kalam succeeded KR Narayanan to serve as the eleventh President of India from 2002 to 2007. It was a very one-sided contest. With his appointment, Kalam became the first scientist ever and the first bachelor to occupy the Rashtrapati Bhawan. During his tenure as President, he was both appreciated and criticized. This was mainly because of its inaction in deciding the fate of 20 signatories of mercy.

Kalam was the author of several influential and inspirational books. Of all his books, India 2020 was widely read and appreciated. It provided an action plan which called for transforming India into a superpower of knowledge and as one of the world's developed countries by 2020. His other books include Ignited Minds, Mission India, Inspiring Thoughts and Wings of Fire.

In 2011, he launched his mission for the youth of the nation called What can I give movement with the aim of defeating corruption in India. Kalam served as a visiting professor at several esteemed institutions and universities of India, such as the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indore, chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, aerospace engineering at the University of Anna (Chennai), University of JSS (Mysore).

Kalam was the proud recipient of Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna awards by the Indian government. The same has received in 1981, 1990 and 1997, respectively. In 1997, he was awarded by the Government of India with the Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration. Later next year, he received the award of Veer Savarkar from the Government of India.

The research center Alwars, Chennai Kalam bestowed with the Ramanujan Prize in 2000. Kalam was awarded the medal of King Charles II by the Royal Society, the UK in 2007. The California Institute of Technology, USA presented Kalam international award von Kármán Ali in 2009. That same year, he won the medal of Hoover ASME Foundation, USA. IEEE Kalam honored with IEEE honorary membership in 2011.

Kalam was the proud recipient of 40 honorary universities. In addition to this, seventy-ninth birthday Kalam has been recognized as World Day for students from the United Nations. He was nominated for the MTV youth icon of the year award in 2003 and 2006.