September - The End of Summer Festivals

At the end of August the summer came to an end. And by definition from September begins winter. The peasant people celebrate the end of the summer since the Middle Ages. It was the time of the Celtic Lughnasadh. The focus was on the harvested grain and thanksgiving. People baked bread from the new harvest and consumed in communion.

The crops were thresh for the first time the end of the summer. The actual threshing season remained a typical winter work. It was until the invention of the thresher. This customs remain only in good memory of many villagers.

Through the Panigyri around Tripiti, Greeks celebrate the summer end. Of course with live music and food, but also with the custom of the fire. Young people jump through the fire. It is one of the many rituals that people celebrate today. The ecclesiastical celebration have their real origin in pagan customs.

The festival rings the end of the summer. Modern, mechanized agriculture is no longer bound to the old festivals. They are thus now more and more lost. In present day Autumn begins from September rather than the winter of old days.




Samhain also means the end of the summer and is the third and final harvest. After this festival begins the half year of dark winter.

Samhain is one of the biennial "ghosts", while the other is Beltane. It is a magical phase in which the secular laws of time and space stops. And the thin veil between the worlds rises. People believe it is easy to communicate with ancestors and deceased relatives. During this time they travel through the world on their way to the summer lands.

The Celts offered food as a sacrifice to the deceased on altars and doorways. Many practitioners continue this tradition. They light candles and placed in the window. It was to help the spirits of the ancestors and the beloved loved to find their home.

For the invisible guests extra chairs were at the table and around the fire place. On the edge of roads and paths, people buried apples. It was for the spirits who had left the path or who had no descendants to look after them. People hollowed out Beetroots and carved so that they resembled protective spirits. For Samhain was a night of magic and chaos.

The children were very active and did not play any suspicious pranks. They were not allowed to travel after dark. People wore white robes (like ghosts), or made of straw. To mislead the spirits of nature, they disguised themselves as the opposite sex.