Just a little flame that immediately glows the atmosphere. And not just for lovers, the candle has a charm all its own, but if you are into wax modelling, the game gets even better. With our advice, candle making at home for beginners is easy and fun. If you are thinking on how to make candle at home for business or how to make candles at home to sell or to illuminate the house for the holidays, or for a small gift to your friends or to find a fun hobby that could also make you gain something, let's start from the beginning or from the wick, and other materials that you need for DIY candles.
How to make homemade candles from scratch? Here are steps you can follow to make your basic scented homemade candle. The time required to make is about 2 hours with preparation time of 1 hour and making time of 1 hour.
You'll need candle moulds, wax, wicks, double boiler, candy thermometer, scented oil.
The materials for making Candles
You can use two types of moulds, those on which the candle is extracted and those in which the candle remains. The first are those composed of two halves, with an opening that will allow you to pull the plug when it's ready. A low-cost version of these moulds is an ordinary tin. Rubber moulds are a professional alternative and with these you can create candles.
The rubber, however, is very delicate and must be handled with care: After each use, you must put talcum powder. Steel mould, is resistant and easy to use, suitable for classic candles. The moulds can be instead cups, trunks, empty fruit and vegetables, timber, containers, tins, cans, cups, shells, etc.
It’s the most common wax to create candles. It is marketed in the form of flakes or cubes And is white, and odorless. When dissolved it tends to become clear colour wax. The faster alternative, does not require coloring. Available as a fragrant and often already contains the right amount of stearin.
It is a basic substance for the success of the candle. In fact, the candle gives the right hardness and allows it to burn steadily. Add 10% of stearin to the amount of paraffin desired. In the market there are also waxes already ready, that is, with the right amount' of Stearin and paraffin.
Alternatively, you can use this natural product that allows you to create highly scented candles and amber. It is in the form of flakes or sheets. However, this wax is quite expensive, so it is best to use it if you are a bit expert. It is a substance that gives the candle the hardness and allows you to burn steadily. It must represent 10% of the amount of paraffin or wax used.
The wick is a cotton thread of various diameters, soaked in wax. The dimension of wick are crucial to the success of the candle should not be too long nor too short. For candles purposes, the wick must also be of a diameter end, and so on. If you do not want to buy ready-made, you can use plain cotton crochet, which will bathe in the wax.
Colours for the wax
To colour the wax you can use the special pads, disks wax intense colour to add to the white wax to get the nuance sought. A cheaper alternative is to use pieces of wax crayons, although in this case you will end up with a candle shades less uniform mould sealant is a paste the consistency of play dough (which can be used as an alternative) which is essential for block the wick and prevent the liquid wax from the mould.
To ensure that your candle, while burning, giving off a delicious aroma, and' just add a few drops of perfumed oil to the melted wax. Simply choose your favourite and add a few drops to the melted wax pots to melt the wax, you will need two pots from the edge, better steel or enamel, with cover. You'll also need a steel spoon and a knife. Do not use tools with pieces of wood and designed these tools to the production of candles.
To verify that the wax has reached the right temperature, you'll need 'a thermometer that reaches at least 150 ° C, such as those for the caramel.
A box cutter, parchment paper, hair dryer to warm the sheets, sticks of wood or plastic to hold in place the wick on the candle, a long needle upholsterer.
How to make candles at home step by step
Fill a large pot of water up to 4 fingers and put it on the fire to heat. In a smaller pot put the paraffin and stearin (9 shares + 1 part). Let it melt over low heat in a double boiler. When the wax has melted, add the colour, a little at a time, and mix well. To check that the tone is what you want, solidify a teaspoon of wax on the parchment paper, remembering by hitting the melted wax is darker than cold water. Prepare the wicks when the wax has melted.
To calculate the length of the wick measured the height of the mould and add 2 cm for the lower part and about 5 cm for the top of the candle. Then cut a piece of cotton long 3 times as necessary. Dip the cotton in the wax, and let it dry, then revisit and revise again in the wax, for 2 or 3 more times. When the wick will be stiff, you can go to step insertion into the mould.
Grease the mould with cooking oil, spread with the help of a brush or a spray lubricant reservoir, to buy in paint. At this point in the mould must insert the wick. For moulds from which we extract the candle, you must make a hole at the bottom which will become the top of the candle.
Pull the wick through the hole and leave the item stick out about 2 cm. Lock the wick with the sealant. Tighten now the wick through the mold and keep it in place by placing a stick across the mold. Tie a knot with the wick around the stick Place the mold on a support resistant to heat.
Check the temperature of the wax with the thermometer and must be around 80 ° C. Slowly pour the melted wax into the mould, making sure that no air bubbles. Fill the mould up to the rim and the dates of the knife lightly tapping the sides of the mould. Let the candle cool now, even dipping the mould in cold water but never in the fridge.
When it is cold pull it out, with a cloth and, if you like, decorate it with leaves, spices, paper, flowers, and more.