Who has traveled to Italy and not tried the traditional pizza? Few meals have as few complications as pizza, a handmade dish of Italian origin. It, however, has been exported to the most remotest corner of our planet. The pizza is originally from Italy, exactly from Neapolitan cuisine. In fact, Neapolitan pizza made of thin bread dough and margarita sauce has been recognized by the European Union with its own designation of origin.
The US also has its own version of the pizza. Pizzas with non-traditional ingredients are known in the United States as gourmet pizza or California style. There is also a Hawaiian pineapple pizza that originated in Germany. It consists of a base of cheese and tomato with ham sometimes bacon covered pineapple slices. Even in Argentina there is a "pizza court" that is made with a lot of seasoned tomatoes and without cheese. In the city of Buenos Aires there is a variant known as pizza de Cancha or popular pizza. It consists of the mass covered with tomato sauce, without cheese, and strongly seasoned. This type of pizza is sold by street vendors before the start of football matches. Although over time its elaboration and marketing were extended to all the pizzerias in Buenos Aires.
Pizza can reach high levels of madness in the British and Irish islands. There are creative examples such as an English breakfast pizza with bacon, beans, fried eggs, etc or an Indian pizza with bhujia and cilantro in the UK, and pizza of black pudding, leeks and cabbage in Ireland. In Spain there is pizza with chorizo or sobrasada. In Portugal they add its star ingredient, cod, and sometimes even boiled eggs.
Pizza arrived in France from the hand of the Italian immigrants from Marseille. In most restaurants it is still prepared in the transalpine style. However, French chefs have added some local products to the recipe. They add Provençal tomatoes, Parisian ham, mushrooms or goat cheese.
Scandinavian pizza is a free bar of ingredients and sauces that pizza makers combine at their whim. Thus, in Sweden you can find ingredients in pizza such as duck and honey, canned fruits and chocolate, meatballs, banana and curry and even coleslaw. In Finland, for its part, the most popular pizza is the one with smoked reindeer meat.
In the Czech Republic they add ingredients like spinach and eggplant and in Poland with ham, cheese and ketchup! In addition, Poland has its own type of pizza. The "zapiekanka" is a specialty of Krakow that consists of half baguette baked with ingredients pizzeros above. Add ketchup or garlic sauce and you will have the complete Polish culinary experience.
Italian cuisine is the most popular in Russia, along with Japanese. So the Russians have provided the world with one of the most delirious combinations of both. The sushi pizza is very popular in the country of vodka and caviar. Potatoes for the Germans, bratwurst for the Austrians and raclette for the Swiss are the star ingredients of each of these countries. In Germany and Switzerland they opt more for Italian pizza. There are ingredients such as salami for Germans and bacon, oregano and onion for the Swiss. While Austria has its own type, bratwurst pizza. It is a sausage wrapped in pizza dough with ketchup.
There are some special additions such as pineapple and ham in Belgium and kebab or shawarma in the Netherlands. Croatia and Estonia are more inclined towards Italian-style pizza. While in Hungary they have their own version, the Lángos. It is a yeast dough with sour cream, cheese, onion, pepper, bacon, tomatoes and other legumes. In the first two, the most popular ingredients are olives, feta cheese, mushrooms, seafood and asparagus in Croatia, which is influenced by Greek gastronomy and pears, duck, salmon, mussels, trout, lemon and egg in Estonia.
It is also, of course, consumed in the restaurant called pizzeria, when pizza is the unique or main product of the menu, delivered or take away. It is also found in fast food chains like Pizza Hut, Speed Rabbit Pizza, La Boîte Pizza, Domino's Pizza, Pizza Delight in Canada and even dealer self-service. The USA also celebrates the National Pizza Day.
The ingredients are simple and the way of production is simple. After all it is a bread dough 'bathed' with the desired foods, from the classic ham to the most exotic ingredient such as pineapple or avocado.
However, pizza is more than just baked bread. Its history goes back even to the Greek era. Although it would not be until centuries later when it would finish defining the pizza as we know it today, in Italy, more specifically in the city of Naples.
And we must go back to the ancient Greek civilization to find the remotest background of pizza . The Greeks already prepared a flat bread covered with oil, cheese and aromatic herbs. For their part, the Romans, in parallel, cooked a dish known as 'placenta', a flat bread also spread with cheese, bay leaves and honey.
It was in the 17th century, on the other hand, that the first documented references to a pizza appeared in Naples, understood as a kind of cake with tomato. At that time, and when pizza was already one of the most popular dishes in Italian territory, a legend tells that King Ferdinand I was able to disguise himself as a commoner to leave the court and go to one of the poorest neighborhoods in Naples to eat pizza . When the weakness of Fernando I for pizza was discovered, it became popular throughout Italy. It was not until at the end of the century when cheese was added as an indispensable ingredient.
It would also be at the end of the century when you would hear, for the first time, about margarita pizza. Again, another event related to royalty had a huge impact to the point that it would begin to call by its name the most classic of pizzas . Indeed, it was the fact that Queen Margaret of Savoy visited Naples and was served a pizza with the colors of the Italian flag - red (tomato), white (mozzarella) and green (basil). It led to the nickname Class of pizzas with the name of the queen, Pizza Margherita.
For this reason, Naples is considered the cradle of pizza and even the denomination 'pizza napoletana verace artigianale' (authentic artisan Neapolitan pizza ) is recognized as a traditional product of Italy. Traveling to Naples and not trying pizza is, therefore, something like traveling to Andalusia and not trying their tapas. Through the old part of the city a way of eating it is in a miniature version and folded in four on a kind of sheet of paper. It is called a libretto pizza and is considered one of the best ways to eat pizza while strolling through the historic center of Naples.
Tuesday, July 25, 2017
AUTHOR Kalyan Panja