Rogan Josh in India Trip: Gastronomy of Kashmir

by - October 10, 2014

Perhaps no other country can offer the variety of cuisine that India can. There is nothing else like typical Indian food. From Kerala to Kolkata there is an all fabulous buffet of regional dishes to be discovered, beyond the familiar favorites of chicken tikka masala, rogan josh, malai kofta and tandoori butter naan which can often be more difficult to find in India than in the UK.

Rogan josh is an aromatic curry dish that comes from Kashmir and is very popular in Kashmir and Punjab and in other countries like Pakistan, Singapore, and the UK. Rogan means oil in Persian, while Josh means hot, or passionate. So, rogan josh has the meaning of cooking in oil over high heat.

It is a lamb curry chopped and cooked in ghee. Initially, it did not have garlic or onion, but the many versions of the recipe include many ingredients and spices that become part of the dish. It may be accompanied by naan bread, rice or anything from mild flavor to neutralize a little of the fierce ardor.

Rogan josh dish was brought to India by the Mughals. The relentless heat that was in the plains of India made the Mughals often move to Kashmir, where people first adopted this dish.

Rogan Josh recipes vary greatly between different regions and traditions, even within the same region of Kashmir, but all include lamb or chicken, oil or ghee (clarified butter), and a mixture of spices. Within spices, paprika is included to get the red color, anise, cumin or cinnamon. Modern variations include ginger, garlic and yogurt, and even the use of the tomato. Although the original versions used saffron instead of yogurt to make a tasty sauce.

Mutton Rogan Josh Recipe kashmir

Rogan Josh is distinguished by its thick and tender red meat sauce. Rogan Josh is a common dish in northern India and is also a popular menu item in Indian restaurants in North America and Europe.

Whatever the true origin of the dish, its name provides a clue about the technique used in its preparation as well as their appearance. To prepare Rogan Josh, most chefs begin frying the choice meat - lamb or goat in butter known as ghee.

The meat is then removed and a series of spices - usually including garlic, ginger, pepper, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, bay leaves, pepper, coriander, cumin and red pepper are added to the hot butter in stages. Thereafter, the meat is returned to the pan with plain yogurt. The pot is then covered and its contents are simmered for an hour and a half, or until the meat has become very tender.

A large number of variants exist. For example, some cooks add finely chopped tomatoes or tomato puree. Others include paprika in the spice mixture. These alter the taste of the dish and its red color intensifies.

Today, Rogan Josh is still popular in northern India. Its popularity in the Western world may be partly due to the fact that it is very good, but not intensely spicy.

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14 comments

  1. I really love lamb in a curry, so this will be a great recipe to try out next winter! It looks and sounds delicious.

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  2. Luv this aromatic and delicious mutton preparation.Well done and presented as well.Luv it.Yumm..
    Thanks for dropping in.

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  3. Waoo..spicy & yummy! very nice! thanks for sharing with us :)

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  4. hi kalyan, your mutton rogan looks spicy alright, must be delicious cos the whole dish had been cooked for a much longer time than normal gravy.

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  5. Loved this recipe - so tender! Thanks the flavor was terrific. I admit, I used some of my garlic juice spray to save time and add flavor - all in all soooooo tasty!

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  6. nice...

    my mouth filled with water...

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  7. This look a lot like a Caribbean dish called curried goat!

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  8. The recipe sounds fabulous. I'm not a fan of mutton. But I guess I can replace it with beef or chicken ?

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  9. That foto is irresistable...iam hungry now!

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  10. In Italy we use chilli not curry.Thanks for sharing .
    Bye bye

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  11. Hi Kaylan, this must be very delicious, love the ingredients combination. Yum yum

    Have a nice week ahead.

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