The Wonders and Festival of Vishwakarma Puja

In Rig Veda, Vishwakarma is the top architect in prehistoric times. He is the patron deity of craftsmen along with Mayasura. He is the son of Prabhas and Yogasiddha, the sister of Brihaspati. He built weapons, ammunition, palaces, and chariots and designed the divine sacred geometry. According to legend, his daughter was Sanjana and son was Surya. The Rig-Veda describes Viswakarma as someone of multidimensional vision.

Vishwakarma was from the same lineage of Tvastar who was the manufacturer of vajra. The special weapon of Indra was from the human backbone of Dadhichi.

Govannon is often interpreted as a remnant of an Old Celtic deity. It corresponds to the Goibniu of the Irish legend and in some variants the name is Gavida. He is the blacksmith god who forges the sword.

Goibniu possessed magical powers that allow him to forge infallible weapons. Besides, the legend also says that Goibniu possesses the nectar of eternal life. He was thus also responsible for the fermentation of beer.

He is a son of Danu and the guardian of the immortal Mets for the other gods. The weapons of Goibnius never miss the target and were deadly.

Vishwakarma was the builder of cities like Dwaraka, ruled by Krishna and Indraprastha.

In the Mahabharata, Dhritarashtra gave the Pandavas a piece of his kingdom. Krishna invited Vishwakarma to build there a city and named it Indraprastha. The palace built in the new capital of the Pandava princes was exceptional.

The floors were so well made that anyone could see their reflection like the surface of the water. The ponds, gardens gave the illusion of a flat surface without boundaries.

Duryodhana was so captivated by the wonders of the palace that he fell in a pond. This mishap amused Draupadi, the wife of Arjuna. She mocked him as the son of a blind, as Dhritarashtra, the father of Duryodhana was blind. It only strengthened his desire for revenge against the Pandavas.

Hastinapur was for which Kauravas and Pandavas fought in the Mahabharata. After the battle between the two clans, Yudhishthira became the king of Hastinapur.

The Mahabharata describes him as executor of a thousand handicrafts. He was the carpenter, the most eminent of artisans and the couturier of all ornaments. He is the supreme worker, the very essence of excellence and quality in artisans. He formulated the Sthapatya, the Vedas or the science of mechanics and architecture. As a craftsman, Vishvakarma was also the designer of the flying chariots and weapons. He created weapons of warriors like the disc of Vishnu, the trident for Shiva, the sword for Kartikeya.

Vishwakarma is the sculptor of the temple of Jagannath, a sacred Hindu temple in Puri. It is famous for its huge wooden statues of Krishna and his siblings Subhadra and Balaram. Viswakarma along with Mayasura also designed the Lanka palace with gold. Ravana lived and later abducted and kept Sita, the wife of Rama.

When Shiva married Parvati, he asked Vishwakarma to build him a beautiful palace. Shiva invited the wise priest Ravana to execute the Griha Pravesh ritual. After the sacred ceremony, Shiva offered Ravana to ask anything as Dakshina (honorarium). Ravana, in love with the grandeur of the golden palace, asked Shiva that he wanted a golden palace himself. Shiva forced by the customs agree to the desire, and so Lanka became the palace of Ravana. Later, There Ravana married Mayasura's daughter Mandodari and stayed there.



Viswakarma Puja observed in Bengal is during the last day of Bhadrapada (September). In modern day Vishwakarma idols carry a crown and gold jewelry. It has four hands, holding a pot of water, a book, a scarf, and craftsman tools.


To celebrate the day, in the factories located in the state, tools used by artisans are not used. They offer their prayers and the machines to receive the blessings, with the hope of having a better year.

People pray with flowers and fruits near the clay idols of Viswakarma. They also offer rice and sweets, praying for protection and giving thanks. Vishwakarma Puja is a time of making resolutions for the workers and artisans. They pray to receive divine inspiration for creating new products.

This ritual usually takes place on the premises of the factory or workshops. Vishwakarma Puja is also associated with the custom of flying kites. This festival marks the beginning of a long period of festivals. It culminates with Diwali.

Vulcanus corresponds to the Greek god Hephaestus. Besides the external characteristics of the god, his character and the works are the same. Even the details of his birth have got adopted. His parents, Jupiter and Juno, correspond to the Greek deities Zeus and Hera.

Hephaestus is the Greek god of fire and then the metal artists. Hephaestus corresponds to the later Roman Vulcanus. Hephaistos was responsible for the entire artistic spectrum of metalworking. It includes the production of jewels, weapons, sacred and profane articles of use.

He was the son of Zeus and Hera. Aphrodite was his wife but she deceived him. Thereupon Hephaestus and Aphrodite parted. He married Athene but she disappeared when Hephaestus wished to unite with her. Vulcanus was a blacksmith with a hammer, who produces Jupiter's thunderbolts.

He had his own priests among the Romans . His main feast, the Vulcanalia was on August. People threw small fish and other animals into the fire to soothe Vulcanus. Vulcanus was a deity of a destructive element, the untamed fire. So, his temples were always located outside the cities.