Vasant Panchami marks the beginning of the spring season. In the eastern part of India, especially in West Bengal, is celebrated as Saraswati Puja. Saraswati is the goddess of education and the arts, it is depicted with Veena musical instrument, mala rosary, the lotus flower. Her sacred animal is the white swan, which flies. A stringed instrument from which it was extracted Sitar.
The theme here is that of purity, innocence and transcendence. Bright as the moon, whose purity is shining and entirely virtuous and spiritual, unlike other Hindu goddesses who are identified with fertility and sexuality, Saraswati gives birth to works of art instead of the children and myths about her sexual function is not highlighted.
Punjab and Bihar celebrate it as a festival of kites. However, in ancient times, the festival was held in the royal palace of Kamadeva. She is also the inspiration in the arts, and is often invoked by poets, but it is also connected with music, dance and science. Saraswati is usually described with a divine or a flute and a holy book.
Aurobindo sees Saraswati as the inspiration that comes from the truth-consciousness, through the constant action of the inspiration she brings to consciousness the truth in our thoughts. Human knowledge and its expression in speech and exposure were revered as sacred. With the knowledge of humanity could bring order to the chaos and supernatural interact with the forces of the universe and the ritual and its use of the word in the hymns and invocations had support of the cosmic order. The sound inspired by the form of prayer, prayer and hymn, was the engine of the ritual.
Girls and other celebrants danced to the rhythm of the drum beats Dhola. We wore a new and during the day you sang love songs. Although the festival is now dominated by the cult of the goddess Saraswati, a great feast is prepared in honor of the god of love Kamadeva. Love is still considered an integral part of the day and is auspicious wedding celebrations during the festival. Panchami means fifth day when we celebrate the 5th day of Spring.
Saraswati sometimes appears in a group of three goddesses. It is associated with Ila and Bharati or Mahi. Other times it appears in the group of goddesses who formed Gayatri Mantra, the most famous Hindu mantra. Gayatri Mistress of our Prana, Savitri the vital principle and Saraswati the representation of our speech, language. And yet in the triad lunar Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. Durga represents the battle the Virgin Warrior, Lakshmi represents the abundance Mother Earth and Sarasvati represents wisdom old all-knowing.
In this festival everyone prefer the yellow inspired by the blossoming of mustard. In fact, the worshipers of Saraswati use of chrome yellow dress and the food contains turmeric or saffron which gives the dishes a beautiful yellow gold. As the Goddess Sarasvati wife of Brahma is the symbol of wisdom port hand in the Vedas is also celebrated in schools and academies of art and cultural and artistic events are organized in his honor. The date of this festival follows the lunar calendar and falls on a different date each year.
Saraswati is worshiped as the goddess of wisdom, knowledge, music and the intellect. So Matangi, as Saraswati, plays the veena and governs every audible sound and music in general, not just the word. She is the manifest form of song, sound, vibration, Nada, which flows through the channels, Nadis, pervading the whole body and mind.
Though primarily a Goddess Sarasvati is the largest of all the rivers and therefore of nutrition, fertility, cleansing, wealth and prosperity, is also described as the one who inspired songs, poems, thoughts and the knowledge of the truth. This is the seed of her next role as the goddess of learning, inspiration and eloquence. Although the Sarasvati is not identified as precisely as the river in later texts, the Goddess continues to be associated with water, not only with clouds and rain that may occur, but also with water in general and the sacred drink Soma that pervades all creation.
She dominates everything, supports and carries the divine drink of immortality and vision Soma. You are done through the rituals that open the world of the gods. It is she who allows humans to perceive, to feel, to breathe even eat. In other words is Saraswati that makes them alive. It gives human beings the wisdom and understanding of the world and visionary poetic of the great sages, the rishis. At a more mundane level, is the means by which friends can recognize their friendship, so like-minded people can find each other and share their understanding of the world.
Saraswati is the word as a manifestation of thought, the goddess of eloquence and of any other form of expression.
For centuries, the spring is a symbol of eternal hope and nature that dispels the darkness to pave the way for a new era of prosperity. In India the festival of Basant Panchami marks the arrival of this season. Basant means spring, Panchami means fifth day. This festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the Indian lunar month of Magha that falls between January and February, towards the end of the winter season.
The celebrations of this festival stand out from the others because they carry with them the glorious charm of nature in bloom, moving away little by little the rigor of winter days. According to Indian traditions and customs, the day of Basant Panchami is considered the most auspicious moment to begin the education path and that's why children often receive in this given their first reading or writing lesson.
In this festive atmosphere you will feel a sensation of change, while the trees produce new leaves and new flowers with the start of the new season. It is the time when the fields mustard feature the yellow blooms , symbolizing the coming of spring with their golden harvests. People wear colorful clothes, especially the different shades of yellow, prepare big meals and make flying kites. There are delicacies that are flavored with yellow and saffron to retrieve the blooming mustard fields.
Children and adults often make flight races with kites, where winning or losing does not make any difference, because what matters most is the joy of flying kites and amaze viewers with the ability to be able to keep up their own kite in bright sky. Different regions across the country honoring this seasonal celebration with different customs related to cultural traditions; However, the general features are always the same, that is celebrating the contrast between winter and spring.
In India, Basant Panchami is observed as a public holiday. Every year on the fifth day (Panchami) of the month of Magh, (January-February), celebrated the festive Basant Panchami, which heralds the beginning of spring, nature awakens expressing the grace, the beauty of Goddess Saraswati, cosmic intelligence, expression of knowledge.
The goddess Saraswati wears a saree white, color of purity, with border red represents the achievement of desires in life and the joy of living. The tulsi mala represents perseverance and consistency in living the bhakti. The goddess Sarasvati holds with his hand a book, the Vedas, the symbol of knowledge and wisdom, which are the basis of the 64 forms of art.
Yellow (Basant), is the color of Basant Panchami festival is the color of the Sun, of blooming mustard fields, the mature corn kernels. The vehicle of Saraswati is a swan, who after drinking the supply of water and milk has the power to separate the two liquids, spit pure water on one side and the milk from the other side, as a wise person identifies the pearls of wisdom from a wide diffusion of knowledge.
The tool that Saraswati holds in her hands, the Veena, has seven strings representing the body, food, humans, work, intelligence, spirituality and knowledge. The seven strings also represent the seven colors, the seven chakras, the seven heavens, the seven rishis or sages, the seven stages of knowledge that must be traveled, seven years of penance necessary or leading to the complete transformation, in the event of divine qualities.
The seven strings of the veena must play in perfect harmony, and harmony to be able to experience the sweet music of life. This is the message that Saraswati is also known as Veena Vadini. Saraswati also takes a pen in one hand, a symbol of the power to manifest the truth through words dispelling ignorance, promoting the wise, compassionate genuine talk.