Hanuman is one of the most important figures of the Indian epic Ramayana. It is a vanara or giant ape who aided Rama to free his wife, Sita from Ravana. Some scholars compare it in Chinese mythology with the image of Sun Wukong.
Sun Wukong possesses incredible power, has the ability to lift giant rocks with ease. It can move at high speed, traversing kilometers in a single jump. However, he is shown to have slight problems transforming himself into human, as he fails to complete the transformation of his tail. He is a fighter, able to give the battle to the best generals. Each of its hairs possesses magical properties, so that it can transform them into their clones, weapons, animals or other objects.
He also knows several spells to direct the wind, to separate the water, conjure up protective circles against demons, freeze men, demons and deities, to name a few. Neanderthals, a human race that lived in earth for 15,000 years, could have been the species referred to when our ancestors believed in trolls, elves, dwarves, elves or other species. That is, at one time in the past there were several hominid species lived in earth.
In the Nordic myths there are numerous indications of territorial taboos as to prevent children from venturing to dangerous places where other hominid races could attack them and we know that there is evidence of cannibalism among the Neanderthals, but also of the Ramayana that includes a simian species and the monkey god Hanuman as prominent characters.
In the Ramayana, Hanuman supposedly constructed the bridge from India and Sri Lanka. Now, this bridge must have been on the water during the last ice age when the sea level was lower, that is only 10,000 years ago. The events of the Ramayana seem to have been based on historical events, and this species of apes spoke, who had a king, and the Ramayana documents political intrigues between them and even the way in that two monkey brothers had to fight for the crown to fulfill the simian law.
If we consider that the Neanderthals were much more muscular than our ancestors, the myth of Rama and the people of Hanuman could be an indication that the species of Hanuman were Neanderthals. Evidence indicates that Neanderthals had white or blond skin and hair, even red-haired, and light eyes. The legend of the Ramayana says that Hanuman retired to the Himalayas, where suspiciously there have always been sightings of a being called the Yeti, again a type of white-skinned ape.
The mythical image of the Monkey reveals itself, indeed, very peculiarly that it was airborne. From the continuous flights of Hanuman and Soun Wu Kong and the Chinese Orion figured as Gibbon in Asifd to the starry monkeys and Thou-moon Babouin of Egypt, we find that it is everywhere associated with celestial space, moon and constellations.
It is therefore tempting to think that the great monkey kings of India, were hominids with a slightly different appearance from ours, later considered as simian. These hunter tribes could be the ones we classify as Neanderthal men. What we now know about these cousins with a remarkable cerebral volume allows us to envisage this hypothesis.
Hanuman met Rama while he was in exile and his wife Sita was abducted by Ravana. Their search had taken them around Rishyamukha mountain, where Sugriva, with his followers and friends, was hiding from his elder brother Vali, the vanara king with whom he had had a serious misunderstanding. Seeing Rama and Lakshmana arrive, Sugriva sent Hanuman to make sure of their identity.
Later, Hanuman's life would be inextricably linked to that of Rama as Hanuman was architect of the alliance between Rama and Sugriva and Rama helped Sugriva regain his honor and made him king of Kishkindha, the kingdom of vanara, and Sugriva with his vanara army helped Rama defeat Ravana.
In their search for Sita, a group of Varana reached the banks of the South Sea; before the vast ocean. Hanuman then he remembered of his abilities and flew across the ocean. Hanuman then arrived on the island of Lanka and found Sita. After meeting Sita, Hanuman began to destroy everything that was on the island of Lanka. To stop it, Indrajit, the son of Ravana, used the brahmastra.
Hanuman took the opportunity to assess the strength of Ravana's army. Enraged, Ravana ordered Hanuman was put to death, but Vibheeshana, brother of Ravana, intervened, pointing out that it was wicked to kill a messenger. Ravana then commuted the sentence, ordering that he set fire to his tail. Hanuman first bewildered them by varying the length of its tail, but after being frustrated a little, he let them go, and left with his tail on fire and burned much of the island of Lanka in its path, before putting out the flames in sea, and return to Rama.
During the war, when Lakshmana was severely wounded by Indrajit, Hanuman was sent to seize the Sanjivani, a powerful medicinal herb to cure it. Hanuman was unable to find the grass before sunset, so lifted the rocks of Dronagiri and carried them to Lanka, where he enlisted the aid of others to try and save Lakshmana.
On another occasion during the war, Rama and Lakshmana were captured by Mahiravana also Ahiravana and held them captive. When Hanuman reached there to save them, he found that the gates were guarded by a very young creature called Makaradhwaja. Hanuman overcame it and tied it at the entrance of Patalpuri, and then went on to liberate Rama and Lakshmana.
When he entered the palace prison, Hanuman killed Mahiravana after turning off all the lamps together. After killing Mahiravana, Hanuman freed Rama and Lakshmana, and was crowned the new king. Hanuman continued to play a vital role throughout the war.
When the war ended, the 14 years of exile of Rama were almost finished. Hanuman then flew to Ayodhya and told Bharata that Rama was on his way back. Shortly after his return to Ayodhya, Rama was made king, and decided to reward all those who had helped defeat Ravana. Sita ordered that his image was posted in many public places and worshipped. In Mahabharata , set some millennia after the Ramayana, it appears more than once as an old and weak, monkey to win the arrogance of Bhima, one of the Pandava brothers, and teach him the value of humility.
Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon of the month of chaitra (March-April), in honor of Hanuman.