Brahma Chicken is a giant breed of chicken with Asian origins, which takes its name from India, where it was born. It is a chicken with an enormous, rich and smooth plumage, characterized also by the feet thoroughly covered with feathers. Exported for the first time in 1846 in North America by the British, the breed has gained in a short time considerable success throughout the West, thanks to its beauty and goodness of its meat.
The Brahma has contributed enormously to the creation of many breeds born in Europe and North America during the twentieth century, but today it is mainly an ornamental breed, and is exclusively bred for beauty and sports purposes. It is one of the most famous ornamental breeds reared in the world.
Although it is certain that the breed originated from Asia, its origins remain quite controversial. Undoubtedly it has come for the first time in America in 1846, from the port of Lukipoor in East Bengal. The race was born in India, and more precisely in a village in Chittagong. However, some authors argue that it was born in China. However, several studies have led to the belief that the Brahma is born from the breeding of one found in Cochin China and Shamo chicken.
This race was withdrawn from India and brought to Ireland around the year 1854. From Ireland the same went to England where it was later extended to the continent. In 1852 Queen Victoria sent to America the first samples of the Brahma breed. In the same year these birds also arrived in France and from there, thanks to the Consul Geisse, also in Germany, in Nuremberg.
At its appearance in England in 1853, the Brahma did not arouse much amazement as his sister, the Cochin, in 1847, for farmers, since that time, they were already accustomed to the sight of colossal chickens. In spite of what the new breed quickly spread order, given turned out a bit higher than the Cochin in economic requirements, in fact the meat is better and more abundant.
Once arrived in America, various names were buckled to the breed as a tribute to the place of origin, Chittagong. Thanks to the beauty of its plumage exceeding all chickens until then bred in Europe and America, but also thanks to the fineness of its meat, quickly impressed many breeders, who made it the subject of breeding, selection and crossbreeding with other chickens.
This intense selection process would lead to the emergence of two distinct breeds, the Brahma and Cochin China. Some maintain that initially the Brahma had a single comb. In any case the crossings operated with other races have brought the Brahma of present, which, however, is quite different from the original.
The breed was selected in different color varieties, which often vary from country to country. The most famous are the white columbia and silver partridge defined in English as light and dark. From these two varieties have been created many variations like white columbia blue, columbia tawny, tawny columbia blue, partridge, blue partridge. Other varieties are the white, black, blue and the sparrow hawk.
The Brahma Chicken was very successful as an ornamental chicken because it is very tough, so it adapts to different climatic and environmental conditions. It also has a confident and affectionate character, so it can become a perfect pet.
The tipping up and growth of these chickens is very slow, as in all the major Asian races. By contrast, their life is very short, and usually does not exceed five years. Breeders incubate the eggs at least a year before.
Another important aspect of this breeds are the colors and patterns of its feathers. Due to its widespread use due to its beauty are countless patterns and colors are created. These include the partridge triple hemming, the partridge silver and blue triple hemming, the columbia, fawn columbia, columbia in the blue markings, fawn and blue monochrome. Among the most popular are the partridge black mesh, the silver-painted black and white mesh columbia.