The Loch Ness Monster, also nicknamed Nessie, is a legendary creature that live in Loch Ness, a lake of Scotland. There is no scientific evidence of the monster and some photos that surfaced have been proven false or are not considered particularly significant from a scientific point of view. The first sighting was in 566 AD by an Irish monk Saint Columba, which is narrated by Adamnan, in his book Life of St. Columba.
Saint Columba encountered the funeral of an inhabitant of the shores of the river Ness, and the locals explained him that the inhabitant was attacked and killed by a wild sea beast, crawling out of the water, whom later St. Columba drove away with prayers. Until the twentieth century, there are no other facts that are known. Some sightings, in which the outline was confused, also occurred on the mainland since 1930.
On 22 September 1933 the Inverness Courier reported that the Loch Ness had been sighted as a strange animal by the MacKay spouses, owners of a hotel in Drumnadrochit, a town on the shore of the lake, who saw two strange bumps emerge from the water. The monster had been observed on the north shore road.
In November 1933 the first photograph was taken by Hugh Gray which shows a long curvy creature swimming at the surface and bubbling around the water. Researcher Roland Watson argued that the right side of the picture was visible as a head like that of an eel.
In December, a filmmaker of the Scottish Film Productions, Malcolm Irvine, managed to make a film of the monster, which was visible for nearly a minute, while swimming at the speed of fifteen kilometers per hour. Irvine in 1936 also made a second movie in which we see what may seem like the head of an animal rising and falling with every body movement.
One of the most influential testimonies about the monster is The surgeon's photo taken by Robert Kenneth Wilson near Invermoriston with the help of his friend Maurice Chambers on 19 April 1934. The photos ended up on the front page of the Scottish Daily Record under the title Mysterious object in Loch Ness. Wilson, in fact, took several photographs with the most important shows a black silhouette, slightly curved at the end, surrounded by concentric eddies.
At the base of the silhouette it seems to appear what may be a body. On another picture, the object in question has all but disappeared in the water. However in 1994, sixty years later, the picture was unmasked by the Loch Ness Centre as a fake and it was not in fact an authentic picture of Nessie, but a model created by adding to a toy submarine with a head and a tail.
The model was built by Christian Spurling, a friend of Wilson who was also the son in law of Marmaduke Wetherell, a hunter ridiculed by top editors Daily Mail to be, in turn, fell for a hoax sent by the newspaper in Loch Ness to investigate the monster, there was misled by some false impressions created through an umbrella stand at the base with a foot hippopotamus dried then popular hunting trophies. The fake photos of Nessie was a way, rather elaborate, to take revenge. Wetherell did then sink the model, which some say is still somewhere in the lake.
A typical Nessie sighting was by Ms. Marjory Muir in October 1936 who wrote, 'It was drizzling slightly, the lake was gray, the sky was gray and the creature's color was very dark gray, in sharp contrast with the lighter background of water and sky. The monster was still on the surface, facing in the direction of Inverness.
The length was almost ten meters; it is difficult to assess the exact distance between us, but it was close enough to us so we could see it very clearly. There were three humps, the largest and the smallest in the middle back of the neck, which was long and slender, with a small head and no visible traits. Often he dipped his head in the water, how to eat or maybe just for fun.
Almost as famous of the Surgeon's photos, one taken in 1951 by the woodcutter Lachlan Stuart, shows three humps that emerge from the water. In 1955, P. MacNab claimed to have stopped in the vicinity of Urquhart Castle, overlooking the lake, to take a picture, when suddenly he heard a noise in the water: barely had time to replace the lens with a telephoto lens 150 mm and a huge animal out of the water.
MacNabb photographed it: the photo is interesting because you can see is the monster is the castle. In comparison with the height of the castle, which is twenty meters or so, you can evaluate around the same length as the emerged part of the animal, but some say the picture would show two examples.
In fact, if one examines carefully it can be seen that the two humps are not exactly the one on the prolongation of the other: since the second is the first, it could be smaller to think that this was accompanied by a male or a female young man who followed his mother. Indeed, on several occasions the witness claimed to have seen more animals together.
The Coast Guard Alexander Campbell claimed to have seen the back of three monsters appear at the surface of the lake: the first and the second were significantly larger in the third, and while the forward movement of the first two was smooth, the third moving zig zag as for fun. In June 1937, two students of the abbey of Fort August saw three little monsters, just one meter long, which fled when they tried to catch them.
In April 1960, an aeronautical engineer Tim Dinsdale, filmed a hump running through the water in a powerful wake unlike that of a boat. The JARIC center of image analysis and intelligence English historically known as MI4, declared that the object was probably animate. In 1993, Discovery Communications made a documentary called Loch Ness Discovered that utilized a digital improvement the Dinsdale film.
A computer expert who had enhanced the film noticed a shadow in the negative that was not very evident in the positive. By strengthening and overlapping frames, he found what appeared to be the rear body, the hind flippers and 1-2 additional humps of the body similar to a plesiosaur. He stated that: "Before seeing the film, I thought the Loch Ness monster was just a bunch of nonsense. After doing the promotion, are not so sure.
Sharper pictures date back to May 21, 1977, and were taken by Tony Doc Shiels, a writer, artist, illusionist and English. The same was watching the lake from under the Urquhart Castle, just then he saw emerge a long neck. Took the photos and described the monster was a color between green and brown, with the belly of a lighter shade, the skin was smooth and shiny. The sighting lasted for a time comprised between 4 or 5 seconds.
He then described the animal as a elephant squid, arguing that the long necks in the photo was actually the trunk of the creature, and that the small white spot at the base of the neck was the eye. Due to the lack of ripples, the two photos were deemed to be false by a number of people, so as to Loch Ness Muppet. Shiels has always maintained its authenticity.
The last sightings or evidence of some importance, and reported by the media date back to the eighties of the twentieth century . The last sightings are quite recent: a sighting of the famous monster took place May 26, 2007 by Gordon Holmes, a lab technician who filmed a silhouette swim in the lake, while the last dates back to the end of August 2009, by Jason Cooke, security guard, to photograph the supposed monster, he has used Google Earth (coordinates: Latitude 57 ° 12'52.13 "N, Longitude 4 ° 34'14.16" W.)
on 19 April 2014 it was reported that on a satellite image of Apple Maps appears what seems to be a big creature just below the water surface of Loch Ness, allegedly 30 meters long, and some have argued that it was the famous monster. Possible explanations for the satellite imagery that could be included instead in the wake of a boat. The scientific community of zoologists think that the monster simply does not exist, for two series of reasons, of which the second is of a theoretical order.
No discovery of traces, animal remains above a reasonable doubt, it was never documented.
The food pyramid of a relatively small lake as the Loch Ness could not sustain the life of a family of predators of the alleged monster size. If ironically there was only one monster of Loch Ness, the species would be considered hopelessly extinct and on the contrary, if there were a population able to perpetuate itself, it would explain the fact that there are no more convincing evidence than those carried by supporters.
For groped to counter the doubts about feeding the creature has been suggested that takes the existence of a secret channel that connects the lake to the North Sea. This theory would also explain the lack of bone and other remains on the bottom of the lake. However, there is evidence of canals that lead to the sea.
The hypothesis that collects the most successful among the existence of the monster supporters is that it is one or more copies of plesiosaur or elasmosauro somehow survived extinction. It must point out that, in any case, the creature could not, however, define a dinosaur, because the reptiles of the sea of Mesozoic era were only relatives of the dinosaurs.
Some of the existence of the monster supporters say there is evidence that Nessie would be seen entering the water with hunted on land, and that this would indicate that eateth not (or at least not exclusively) on fish, while about to the spaces it thus would not have only the little Loch Ness but also the mainland, where he could take refuge. The fins however indicate that Nessie is a marine animal, and then he would need to return at least periodically into the water. Skeptics do however note that an animal of the tonnage of a very difficult dinosaur could go unnoticed on the mainland and that no evidence so far was actually credible.
Since 1956, through the use of boats equipped with echo sounder, at different times and by different methods divers has plumbed the lake with the unique capacity to detect three large moving masses, that skeptics identify as schools of fish, while according to some supporters of the monster theory may have been the other components of the Nessie monster family.
The positioning of various baits type especially salmon did not lead to any result. The existence of the monster supporters deny the failure assuming that at that moment the monster may not have been in the water or not to like the kind of food. With regard to speculate baits instead of the supposed monster is an active predator who eats only live prey or that it is not at all a predator.
The popularity of the alleged creature has become so great that get them into the mass culture; It appeared on television in episodes Monty can't buy love of The Simpsons, in the fifth of Corrector Yui, The Claw sign of the Holy , Good Nessie appetite of Johnny Bravo, The monster of the lake de The new adventures of Lupin III and the thing in the darkness of Rat-Man; It is to remember also a Gamebook Stephen Thraves entitled The Loch Ness Monster (Assignment Lochness, 1993).
The monster also appears as easter egg or is honored in video games Hitman: Absolution, SimCity 2000, Tomb Raider: The Lost Artifact, Splashdown, Team Fortress 2, Mass Effect 3 and Invizimals . Additionally, the Pokémon Lapras was inspired by it and was originally to be called Ness.