More than one giddy tourists by the torpor of India and its variegated stations had to be checked, watching as an exhalation one Talgo with the logo of Renfe clearly stamped on each of its nine wagons. It was not a mirage. A convoy of Spanish company yesterday made speed test between New Delhi and Bombay, with an extensive monitoring by the Indian media.
Its aim was to cover in twelve hours the journey between the two cities, the fastest Indian trains currently performed is 16 hours. Torrential rains and floods in the last stage prevented, but the Indian railway authorities considered a success which witnessed under normal weather conditions.
In fact, the itinerary was like silk to Surat-the world capital of the diamond-size with a cut of two hours compared to Shatabdi, the fastest train that currently covers the route. However, from there, the intensity of monsoon rainfall did away with forecasts and came to completely stop the train in sections where the tracks were submerged. In fact, in villages near the route, in southern Gujarat, the water was waist-five people were killed.
Talgo did not send its trains to fight the elements, but the truth is that when it is not like sand in the AVE from Mecca to Medina is water who defies the Spanish high speed. Their wagons left the port of Barcelona a few months ago and came to India in April. Earlier, Talgo had exhibited their trains in Iran, close to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, where it already operates successfully market.
India is a market even more appetizing, because every year several billions of train tickets sold, more than any other country in the world. And if your extensive rail network is outdated, its fleet it is even more.
A few months ago, India adopted its first ride high-speed rail, with Japanese funding, between Mumbai and Ahmedabad, the capital of the home state of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. But as in India there are so many loose cows, the Government has now requested a new budget that includes all travel, hundreds of kilometers, is high. Still, the minister of railways has said that the tickets will be cheaper than the airfare and other eight high-speed lines are studied. As the exorbitant costs become evident, the plan B, as many high-speed lines -up to 200 km/h where the Talgo presented yesterday is competitive, you can take the upper hand.
Since May, the Talgo has conducted several tests along the Indian geography, with careful monitoring of the engineers and technicians of Indian Railways, one of the public companies with more employees in the world. The initiative came from the company based in Madrid, coasting operation, whose amount was not disclosed.
This Talgo, a Swiss locomotive ABB used by other Indians beat the Indian train speed record last month, near Mathura, when driving at 180 km/h, twenty kilometers more than the previous record, set the same year by the new Gatimaan Express, traveling from Delhi to Agra in a hundred minutes. Not surprisingly, Indian trains now in circulation multiplied by three the weight of the base-of Talgos aluminum- and energy consumption.
Over the next days, the Talgo will make the same journey to 140 km/h and 150 km/h. If you manage to reduce the passage of 1400 km between Delhi and Mumbai for 12 hours, the Indians will open a new era. In fact, the cheers with which the Talgo was yesterday received in its path, in the Bombay congested, it shows that he has already won the battle of public opinion. And that, unlike what happens in Spain perhaps, in India Talgo sounds in the future, the scope of the future mano.Un with TV screens in the hall and bar-buffet car, although both programming and need a menu thorough renovation.
The eternal promise of multimillion works in India, especially in the modernization of the railway, has the Spanish train manufacturer Talgo pending that market since 2010. The state High Rail Corporation of India, a subsidiary of Rail Vikas Nigam, advances in the Vision 2020 plan looking for brokers that allow traffic to 350 kilometers per hour, while the public Indian Railways also projects a plan to improve low speed of existing corridors.
In both projects, Talgo is seen with possibilities. Train travel in the country of great distances marked an average slightly less than 30 kilometers per hour, registration is intended to more than double without major investments in infrastructure. The key, citing sources Talgo, is in renewing rolling stock units capable of traveling more than 160 kilometers per hour.
The planned investments if the program is met, would leave about 123,000 million over the next five years. At high speed, it has the approval for the Bombay-Ahmedabad developed online; the state giant China Railway is studying the feasibility of two others, the Delhi-Chennai line and Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysore, is examining the route between Delhi, Chandigarh and Amritsar. Given this volume of project, the developer of high speed train has called for the cooperation of private companies.
His intention is to have four lines, with 2,000 kilometers of route, in advanced stages of implementation for the said year 2020 and eight in planning. After trying to sell their light passenger trains for intercity sections, land on which the manufacturer is considering three projects, Talgo also try to enter your bid offer high speed.
The company head Carlos Palacio and José María Oriol has accumulated considerable experience in the development of the AVE in Spain and is the provider trains for the complex line between Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. At this time last testing phase of its new model Avril, designed to carry 600 passengers and which Talgo claims to have already exceeded 360 per hour.
After providing and maintaining trains in Spain, Portugal, France, Switzerland, Italy, United States, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Russia and Saudi Arabia, Talgo also looks forward to the high-speed projects in Oman and is designed to link Arab Emirates.
In the case of Oman, FCC is the only Spanish construction company that has made the cut to begin building the first line, valued at 6,000 million. Its consortium partners are Larsen and Toubro Indian and local firm Khalid bin Ahmed & Sons. The award is expected by the end of the year.
Talgo is the acronym of Articulado Tren Ligero Goicoechea Oriol which defines both a type of train that the firm Spanish material rail that produces it. It is especially known for its trains circulating articulated both in national service on international voyages between the Italy, France, Germany, United States of America, Canada, Kazakhstan, Argentina and Spain.
August 21, 1941, the engineer Alejandro Goicoechea was experiencing its own unique project of railway rolling stock. It was an original articulated structure comprising a series of modules in an isosceles triangle , the base of which were mounted on the wheels, connected by each vertex to the next base in a manner to permit its rotation. It was the fulfillment of a train of linked vehicles as if they were a caterpillar able to be inscribed in the curve without excessive centrifugal forces since the same composition tended to counteract the effect of adapting itself naturally to the curve center. This articulated structure reached 75 km/h between Leganés and Villaverde (Madrid).
October 28, 1942 was established the company Patentes Talgo SA with the aim of exploiting industrially and commercially the new and innovative system. With the name Talgo is therefore indicates that particular train, design Spanish, characterized visually by carriages very short and lower than the traditional ones.
The solution that today characterizes the trains Talgo consists not only in the court carriages but especially in their ability to natural oscillation. They are to a single axle, independent wheel mounted on a frame which also allows the easy change of gauge and connected via attacks articulated to one another so as to facilitate the steerable and the registration in curve, very important fact design point especially in the more obsolete railway lines of Spain characterized by many small radius curves in sections of the mountain and the gauge off.
The type of low attack keeps the center of gravity in a secure position stability adapting naturally to the inclination of the curve and lightness of towed structures allows good performance even with locomotives no higher power. The current Talgo are towed by various types of locomotives both electrical that diesel. To properly feed the on-board services and the series conditioning Talgo III a generator van interlayer is necessary when the locomotive is not able to provide adequate electrical energy required.
They have been developed and built several series of Talgo: the validity of the system is demonstrated by its recent use for the construction of a series high speed as the Talgo 350 with which the company entered among manufacturers of high-speed trains. The Talgo 350 started operating with a top speed of 330 km/h between Madrid and Barcelona and between Madrid and Valladolid at the end of 2007.
In September 2012 to Innotrain in Germany was presented a new Talgo train called Avril: Alta Velocidad Rueda Independiente Ligero. It is a high-capacity convoy (540 passengers) and high speed (380 km/h). The convoy, with Pininfarina design is based on Talgo and dedicated power cars, with 42% of motorized axles.