The Tamil New Year or Varusha Pirappu where Varsha means year in Sanskrit and Pirappu birth in Tamil or, more typically Puthandu where in Tamil Puthu means new and aandu means year, is celebrated on the first day of the month Chithirai of the traditional Tamil calendar which is based on year sidereal that falls, on the 14th of the month of April.
The Chithirai 1 is an auspicious day for the Tamil people in Tamil Nadu, but also the community at large á Tamils of Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia and South Africa. The main aspect of the Tamil new year is the vision of Kanni, whose meaning can be translated as the vision of things bearers of good fortune. The legend says that having these visions on this day, porter á good luck throughout the year. To obtain will be prepared in the Pooja room jewelry, gold, silver, mirror, new clothes for the family members, the new calendar, bananas, areca nut, betel leaves, raw rice, coconuts, fruits and vegetables in season.
After the vision of Kanni it is time for a ritual bath. After that the elderly woman in the family design the traditional Kolam or Rangoli in the ground in front of the main door whose job it is to bring good luck to the members of the family. The Kolam typical of the new year is the one depicting a traditional lamp is called Vilakku kolam then you will end á decorate with all the doors with the leaves of the mango.
After this stage, decorative the family gathers for the prayers that begin with the lighting of the Kuthuvilakku the traditional lamp oil which is placed with the Kudam bronze basin of clean water, and decorated with mango leaves, to form the niraikudam for the Panchanga Pooja in front of the effigy of the deity á home that will be á adorned with chandan paste of sandalwood powder and water white powder, kumkum red paste and turmeric yellow.
During the ritual will come á read the Panchangam the predictions for the new year and ate the pachadi Neem basically a mixture of jaggery, chillies, salt, leaves and or flowers of neem and tamarind, symbolizing that life and a mix of sweet and bitter and will be distributed new clothes and then hopefully another Puthandu Vazthukal happy new year.
Obviously the elements that characterize this ritual may differ from one region to another some prefer to listen to the reading of the Panchanga at the temple district or that of the family; someone also the Tharpanam ritual memorial of deceased family members but, in principle, those listed are the basic steps. The men of the day will be course vegetarian and mainly based on Green Bananas, Jackfruit and Payasam.