Basant Utsav is an Indian festival celebrated primarily in Shantiniketan in Bengal, the birthplace of Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore
Shantiniketan In 1901 begins the adventure of Shantiniketan place of peace. Rabindranath, convinced of the need to help reform the education system, he founded a small school. The means are somewhat precarious and to meet the expenses his wife Mrinalini Devi and forced to sell her jewelry. In the beginning the students are just five two teachers who help Tagore. Students do not pay no fees and the teachers do not receive any salary.
The teaching method runs to that of the ashrams in the forest, in ancient India. Students and teachers live together in a dormitory, following the disciplined life of brahmacharis those who shall refrain from any activity sexual ashram-school practice vegetarianism, cooking and cleaning are managed by the students, the classes are held outdoors, under the canopy of trees sometimes monumental short a pedagogical experiment sui generis, creative, genuine that does not fail to present some flaws.
A, for example, the fact that the same Tagore, a teacher in his school, he has no legal right to do so, having been formed by himself. However In 1913 he won the Nobel Prize for literature which surely contributes to its legitimacy, in fact, as a teacher. During the 20s the experiment of the poet-Nobel prize-which has since been named before Visva-Bharati and then, in 25, of Patha-Bhavana become a cultural center officially registered.
In its field, take the body Shantiniketan College Siksha-Bhavana, mainly focused on courses in the humanities, arts and social work, preparatory, starting from 1925, to some degree courses Intermediate Arts, Intermediate Science, Bachelor of Arts University Kolkata, Vidya-Bhavana, a community of scholars who specialize in different fields linguistic and humanities and two institutes of art. At the same time a project is launched, on land near Shantiniketan, the improvement of rural life in the surrounding areas Sriniketan. They are, therefore, experiment with new and more effective farming techniques and farming and improved hygienic conditions, health and food in the villages.
After the death of Rabi Babu, August 7, 1941, new institutions are integrated in Santiniketan and Sriniketan, where today can follow a training course from childhood to university in the latter case especially for the musical education and artistic spirit originates, however, the ashram in the forest, and not been completely abandoned. Classes are held still, as far as possible, outdoors and still have a healthy relationship with nature is considered crucial in the human and, because no, spiritual learners.
Anyone wishing to relax a couple of days in Shantiniketan, visiting the museum of Tagore, the wood of mango trees where he used to meditate, library and walking on campus, surrounded by a beautiful silence. It has the flavor of Bengal painting Rabindranath Tagore. In a land where the contrasts are sweetness, where among forests and shrubs by dense trees with broad leaves that are lit by the moon, you can draw on the land of sand.
He won a Nobel Prize, Rabindranath Tagore for literature in 1913, the first Asian in history to receive this recognition, thanks to Gitanjali , a poetic work that it, too, echoes tradition, harmony, freedom and spirituality, the themes that Tagore has followed all his life and in all forms of art with which it is expressed.
In his first writing, in plays, in his educational work that led him to found the University Visva-Bharat ia Shantiniketan, in the music he recovered and reinvigorated one of the most interesting and poetic traditions of Bengal, the Baul, singers mystics ill wind in its innovations and experimentations, in his travels, research of reform and freedom, worldwide creative Tagore ties with India is strong, the link with that part of India which faces the Bay of Bengal and watch the Ganges flows into the sea, right there, where the mangroves, lies the town of tigers. A bond that has allowed him to blend shapes and images comprehensible West to the East, shaping the new India that soon she would be free.
A paint Rabindranath Tagore began 64 years transforming scribbling on his writing and transforming images in the calligraphic signs of his mother tongue those signs comes from the painting that proceeds in stages similar to those of human, animals, plants, masks, stylized figures, and finally portraits.
At the conclusion of the celebrations of the 150th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome welcomes, for the first time, the exhibition organized by the Archive Rabindra Bhavana and Kala Bhavan Museum of Visva-Bharati in collaboration with the National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi , which contains numerous works of Tagore painter under the title of The Last Harvest, a symbolic collected, what it is for each man who has sown much.
I do not know anyone who picture the images on the canvas of memory Tagore writes in My Reminiscences, 1917, but whoever he is, what he paints are illustrations and, with this, I do not mean that he is not there with his brush simply faithfully replicate what happens. He takes off and depending on his taste, and magnifying and shrinking at will, embarrassment in putting in the background that was in the foreground. In other words, he paints pictures, does not write the story.
Tagore has not titled nor dated his paintings and drawings which he considered the result of a discovery and therefore free from the styles and histories, but the curator of the exhibition, Prof. R. Siva Kumar , identified the main themes, some of which have characterized some specific periods, while others have always been present throughout his artistic production.
Real or imaginary are characterized by sinuous lines, at times, broken within which stand out dark colors that stand out from the backgrounds of bright colors. Almost human because of their postures and expressions to ferocious, sad, but also supplicants, parrots, dragons, dogs and other quadrupeds, although stylized, they can show their mood. Bold colors and twisted forms. Despite being perceptible echo of Scandinavian Expressionism Munch, Tagore had chosen a unique pictorial language, unrelated to the traditions, never descriptive though, through the color never ceases to re-evoke the nature of Shantiniketan
Stylized images that evoke the deities or only attitudes of prayer. An essential meeting with meditation, inner reflection and the search for the spiritual dimension investigated through the lens Eastern Europe. Portraits, half-length figures, expression profiles from penetrating and sharp features. Often more like masks are characterized by elongated portions solemn-eyed, fish-shaped, deformed faces and sometimes grotesque masks that made you think of James Ensor
The exhibition, which will remain open until 27 May next. includes about one hundred drawings in ink and watercolor of more than 1,600 jobs that Tagore began to exhibit in the 30s thanks to his many travels in the United States and Europe that allowed him contact with the culture of western figurative era that has influenced much on his leg.
My instinct has Tagore wrote for which the rate was the beginning of all artistic led me to know that lines and colors in art are carriers of information, but seek their rhythmic incarnation in the pictures. Their ultimate goal is not to illustrate or to copy some external event or inner vision, but evolve a harmonious whole that is transformed through our eyes in imagination.
The festival of Holi or Basant Utsav is an Indian festival celebrated primarily in the eastern part of India in early March, and is a party to teach the joy of life and the triumph of good over evil. As per the Gregorian calendar in India March is the month of the full moon, it is called Phalgun and is also the prelude to spring. It is a very ancient feast where all are kissing and hugging each other, forgetting the animosity for the triumph of love.
In this time India is a carnival of colors where people spend all there time to celebrate with family and friends by throwing colored powder Gulal throughout after drinking the famous bhang a glass of milk with marijuana. In the mythological sense is revoked Prahlad escape from the pyre where his father, the demon wanted Hiranyakashipu burning and destruction of the demon sister Holika; Holi means in fact burning. In other words, the victory of good over evil.
During this festival people throw colored powder on him, and they all run with the faces and clothes of many colors including pink and blue dominate. During this period, India is a carnival of colors and the aim is to have fun and love each other. It is also a symbolic act that signifies the end of the winter and welcomes the arrival of spring, a massive demonstration that breaks the monotony inundates the City of colors and there are no social classes.
Vasant Panchami is a Hindu festival celebrating Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, music and the arts. Her blessing is particularly important for the education of children, and in India many institutions organize special prayers. The festival is celebrated every year on the fifth day Panchami of the Indian month Magh January February, the first day of spring. The yellow color plays an important role, and people wearing clothes and eating sweets this color. Saraswati is the consort of Brahma, the Lord of Creation, and is the one who gives the essence of his own self. Shree Panchami is celebrated to pay homage to Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and wisdom.
For centuries, the spring is a symbol of hope and eternal nature that dispels the darkness in order to pave the way for a new era of prosperity. In India the festival of Basant Panchami marks the arrival of this season. Basant means spring, Panchami fifth day. This festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the Indian lunar month of Magha which falls between January and February, towards the end of the winter season.
The celebrations of this festival can be distinguished from others because they carry with them the shining charm of nature in bloom, away little by little the rigor of winter days. According to some traditions and customs in India, the day of Basant Panchami is considered the most auspicious moment to begin the path of education. This is why children often receive in this given their first lesson in reading or writing.
In this festive atmosphere you will feel a pleasant feeling of change, while the trees produce new leaves and new flowers with the start of the new season. It is the moment in which the fields of mustard feature the yellow blooms , symbolizing the arrival of spring with their golden harvests.
People wear colorful clothes, especially the different shades of yellow, prepare great meals and they fly kites. There are delicacies that are flavored with yellow and saffron to retrieve the mustard fields in bloom. Children and adults are often races with flying kites, where winning or losing does not make any difference, because what matters most is the joy of flying kites and amaze viewers with the ability to be able to keep up your kite in the bright sky.
Different regions across the country are honoring this holiday season with different customs related to cultural traditions; However, the general features are always the same, namely to celebrate the contrast between winter and spring. In India, Basant Panchami is observed as a public holiday.
Nag Panchami dedicated to the mythical serpent Sesha or Ananta with a thousand heads, this festival is also observed in other parts of India, but especially in Rajasthan, Kerala and Maharashtra. And the feast of the cobra which the god Vishnu would endorsed during his meditations without getting bitten. In Rajasthan, this ancient festival is celebrated especially in Jodhpur women fast and depict images of the reptile on the walls of houses and bring offerings of food and milk to the haunts of the snakes. In all likelihood, the serpent god was worshiped in the era much earlier Vedic age of Arya, who later incorporated this devotion to Hinduism, certainly due to the atavistic fear that the cobra strikes.