Saturday, August 9, 2014

Soma: Elixir of the Gods



Soma is a masculine noun in Sanskrit which primarily means the juice from a plant object of sacrificial offering yajna in Vedism, the term is sometimes also used to mean the same plant from which it was extracted the juice sacrificial. Soma, also in the Vedic religion, also indicates the deity connected to the sacrificial drink and object of all 114 hymns of the ninth book mandala of the Rigveda. In the later hymns of the Rig Veda, the term refers to the moon, place a receptacle for another drink holy gods own the Amrita.


In the early hymns of the Rigveda between 2000 and 1500 BC approximately, the term pack refers to a plant and its juice squeezed, that the singers of the Vedas described as a drink which is said to bring health and immortality. The difficulties of interpretation of Sanskrit texts and the lack of detailed descriptions of the plant have made ​​it difficult to ascertain the true botanical identity of the plant.

The descriptions of the soma shown in religious literature report that the soma grew in the mountains, and it was a creeping plant, semi-shrub, with stems without leaves, which contain a milky juice sour. On the other hand, there is evidence in the literature that age already in Vedic the difficulty of finding the plant, probably as a result of migration, has led to the search for alternative plants.

Over the years and in different traditions, including the species identified with the soma there have been several plants by fermentation which are derived intoxicants as the vine, the Saccharum and Sorghum, but checks conducted on texts rituals show that the soma did not fit a beverage fermented or distilled. Its effects can not therefore be considered as the result of alcohol.

Have also been proposed by other plants containing alkaloids psychotropic effects such as several species of Ephedra, the Cannabis sativa or Syrian rue. According to some authors the burden should instead be identified with some species of the genus Sarcostemma, characterized by a fleshy stem and cloudy. Finally, there is has been argued that the burden can be identified with the mushroom Amanita muscaria, known to be equipped with hallucinogenic properties.

The Dutch indianista Jan C. Heesterman in The Broken World of Sacrifice An Essay in Ancient Indian Ritual shows how plausible the identification of soma with a variety of ephedra as directed by Harry Falk in a communication to the VII World Conference of Sanskritist held in Leiden in August 1987. On that occasion, Falk argued that the burden did not consist of a hallucinogenic plant, but rather in a drug whose purpose is to stay awake during the night festival inherent in the sacrifice. For Heestermann however there is no evidence of any identification of the plant and that this issue will remain unresolved at least for the near future.

There are many variations that are inherent in the sacrifice of soma somayajña, the feature is called, in Vedic Sanskrit , agniṣṭomà Hymn to Agni for prayer invoked in the most important moment of the ceremony, or the twelfth and final squeezing the juice of plant in the fifth day of the sacrificial rite that takes place once a year in spring.

The officiant along with his wife was locked in a hut for a period of consecration rite called diksa. Inside this hut remained motionless with clenched fists wrapped in a skin of antelope mṛga embraced his wife but without the sexual act, all to evoke the intrauterine life.

It is a substance euphoric, but without any unpleasant side effect if not to shorten the life of a few years, but it is not too high a price for happiness, produced in the form of tablets from half a gram, added to beverages and when necessary to quell situations of public disorder splash in air as aerosols. Through the soma, distributed free by the state to all citizens since childhood, and conditioning the brain pre-and post-birth, is made ​​perfect utopian in a world in which in the name of social stability is banned any form of suffering, starting with the one generated by the family ties and love, no longer provided in the company described in the novel.

Anjaan a tamil dubbing of Telugu movie Sikandar is a Tamil action thriller film starring Suriya, Vidyut Jamwal, Samantha Ruth Prabhu, directed by N. Linguswamy, and produced under his banner Thirupathi Brothers by Siddharth Roy Kapur.




Usually the popular genre of Indian films are not aimed at a specific category of public in India's love for the cinema is alive and indispensable, maybe because the air conditioning at least in the city, the low price of the ticket, the spread still modest TVs. The critical reviews in newspapers, journals and websites trigger heated debates as much as the endless discussions in India caused by the comments of sports journalists on football matches.

And it's a point of pride for every Indian worthy of the name admire their heroes first day first show and then repeat the experience over and over again. This explains the huge crowd at the box office on the occasion of the first: for movies most often occur call scuffles, arguments and even violence with injuries and various issues of public policy. 

At the movies, of course, you go with the whole family for several generations are compared on the same film. When a film has really happened? When he puts together an audience so diverse in age, educational level, social class. As well as by language, religion, ethnicity. And then in the West is expected to be easy to pack a Bollywood masala. 

Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar, while treading the hand filial love, departs from this tradition is one of the rare films, which, for the story, setting, characters and themes dealt with, it is essentially an audience of teenagers, despite the major players are not exactly a spring chicken. The adults are there but they remain constantly in the background. 

The focal point of the movie does not seem to be the desire to realize the dream of Sanju father typical of many Bollywood films but the self-affirmation as an adult. It is not just a sport victory to offer. Father it is the personal attitude towards life to change. Archived adolescence, with its quarrels, its excesses, its not authentic feelings, Sanju looks to maturity. And he does it for himself, although initially driven by the desire to please his father.

The narrative is developed in an appealing way, even if foreseeable, in order to capture the attention of all viewers. The final race is compelling. The love story, the real one, is rightly limited and not prevalent: the protagonist is described in its totality as a human being and made sensational for years, and for the type of cinematography in its virtues and its defects.

Sanju is a hero unusual rejected at school, no talent, duffer in sports. The girls run off, preferring the winners: beautiful, rich, well-dressed, top of the class, athletes insurmountable. Do not expect a deep psychological introspection, mind you, but an evolution in the three-dimensionality of the main character, yes. And 'thanks to films like these that the popular cinema in Hindi language slowly but steadily updated its themes and its canons.

JJWS met with the success of the public, but it is not a product excelled, indeed: stylistically dated, a bit 'too naive. Luckily, Aamir Khan gives a sample of his monstrous talent with a very convincing performance, light weight - in a positive sense - and bubbly. All to enjoy. The rest of the cast is fairly anonymous. Pooja Bedi - sorry for the legendary father - it's really embarrassing: Following is dedicated to television shows and has shelved the idea of ​​making a film (thank you). We appreciate the fact that, despite the film registers a heavy presence by the clan of Aamir, it is still offered enough space even to the character of Ratan, moreover, played by an actor rookie. Courtesy not so common in Bollywood.

Ratan (Mamik Singh) is a model boy: good student, good athlete, reliable, serious and good-natured. The pride of his father. The brother Sanju (Aamir Khan), in contrast, does not want neither to study nor to devote themselves to the sport: better have fun with friends and enjoy it. But adulthood is just around the corner, with his duties and responsibilities. Sanju will be ready to answer the call.

The film about losers who eventually manage to win are always loved by the public, if done well. The most recent examples: 'Lagaan' and 'Iqbal', both a sports theme. JJWS is a good remake of 'All American Boys', 'Indianized' in a convincing way, and nobody pays any attention to the detail of now adult actors who play roles to students. Despite the predictability of the victory of Sanjay, the race full of obstacles and the climax are, however, from biting their nails: the viewer rooting for the guy who fights and wins. And if the losers are rich and snobbish, even better. The film is a bittersweet story of training. Love, friendship, family values ​​triumph over adversity.

It is an ancient way of saying, especially prevalent in North India. Sikandar is the Indian name for Alexander the Great. he director Mansoor Khan is a cousin of superstar Aamir Khan and son of film maker Nasir Hussain, who produced JJWS in addition to writing the dialogues. His film debut coincided with resounding debut in an adult role of the same Aamir as well as of Juhi Chawla. If Qayamat Qayamat Tak, was inspired by the classic story of Romeo and Juliet.

Mansoor Khan apparently did not appreciate a lot of the original subjects Akele Hum Akele Tum is inspired by Kramer vs. Kramer and Josh the only film entrusted to Shah Rukh Khan and Aamir not to to West Side Story. He seems to have finally abandoned the director, but in 2008 he co-produced by Aamir's blockbuster Jaane Tu Ya Jaane Na, the film played by newcomer in an adult role Imran Khan, nephew of Aamir.

The film is inspired by All American Boys by Peter Yates. The brothers Jatin-Lalit in 2006, after 16 years of career, separate professionally. Together they composed countless scores of success: 'Fanaa', 'Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham', 'Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindustani', 'Mohabbatein', 'Kuch Kuch Hota Hai', 'Ghulam', Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge. The listeners of BBC Asian Network DDLJ voted the best soundtrack of all time. But Jatin-Lalit were awarded the second and third place with KKKG and KKHH. Jatin gives a cameo in 'Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar' during the song Deewane Hum Pyar Ke.

The song 'Pehla Nasha' was the first ever to be choreographed by Farah Khan, and has become even more famous than the film itself. Not only in the history of Bollywood was also the first track to be taken choreographed in slow motion, launching a real fashion. In enjoy a fresh, agile Aamir understandable that all the Indian girls were in love with him and a version Pooja Bedi woman in red.

Imran Khan had already played in QSQT the character of Aamir Khan as a child. Faisal Khan, brother of Aamir, gives a cameo in JJWS in the role of a student of Xavier's College. This film was also an assistant director. It will work again with the famous brother in the unlikely Apple of 2000.



sikandar binayak soma book review
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