During the month of August in India is celebrated Raksha Bandhan, the feast of love and responsibility mainly between brothers and sisters. This festival is celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs as well. The sisters tie a sacred thread called Rakhi on the brother's wrist, praying for his welfare and the brother promises to take care of their sister in any eventuality.
So women look for in stores best Raksi, usually a colorful woven wire maybe embellished with a few beads or amulets or they do it with their own hands. In modern times it may even be a wristwatch. So, the day of Raksha Bandhan, the brother and sister (not necessarily relatives, it also includes a close friendship) is formally gather in the presence of parents and relatives, and, if one is away from home, the hope can run by mail.
The ritual usually takes place in front of a lighted lamp (diya) or a candle (to represent the god of fire) sometimes located on a tray that she turns around to face him, then tying the Rakhi on the wrist of her brother (who he will wear all day), reciting a prayer for his happiness. Then her sister begs the Tilak, a colored mark on the forehead of the brother who engage in ac na then left to fix. Then she feeds it with your hands closer to his mouth candy or other goodies.
The brother then gives a gift that can be for example a dress or money, and he puts them to his mouth sweets, dried fruits, etc. as a sign of nutrition. Finally, everyone congratulate each other. And an ancient ritual that is already the law in the Vishnu Purana when Yasoda binds a rakhi on the wrist of Krishna. In epics like the Mahabharata also we read of this bracelet. The ancient Hindu scriptures are full of stories that tell of this bracelet.
For one thing, the Bhagavata Purana and Vishnu Purana after Vishnu defeated the demon Bali, winning the three worlds, at the request of Bali, he went to live in his palace. But the wife of Vishnu, goddess Lakshmi did not like the palace nor its new friendship with Bali, and preferred to go with her husband to Vaikuntha . So he tied on the wrist of Bali, a Rakhi as a sign of brotherhood. Bali asked her gift and she wanted to free Vishnu replied by promising to live in his palace. Bali agreed, accepting it as a sister. and then there are legends that refer it.
With regard to Raksha Bandhan a legend has that Sachi, the consort of Indra, went to her husband's wrist as a bracelet charm when he was challenged by demons. Indra, lord of Devas, got the victory against the demons by the power of this protection and recaptured the lost city of the Gods, Amravati. That took such a universal meaning of love and protection, rajput women tied rakhis in the wrist of the soldiers in the war because they were protected and nothing separated them to a glorious victory.
But also the historical legends mention about Rakhi. In fact, according to a legendary tale, when Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 BC, Roxana (or Roshanak, his wife) sent a sacred thread to the king Porus, his enemy, asking him not to harm her husband in battle. In accordance with tradition, Porus, he respected the request. On the battlefield, then, when he was about to deal a final blow to Alexander, he saw the Rakhi on his wrist and refrained from attacking personally. Then there are the stories of our times.
Rabindranath Tagore, the Indian Nobel Prize in literature, called Raksha Bandhan and Rakhi, as source of love, respect and mutual protection between Hindus and Muslims during the colonial period in India. In 1905, during the British rule, who on the basis of different religions, had divided Bengal, a province of British India, Tagore organized a ceremony to celebrate Raksha Bandhan and strengthen the bond of love and solidarity between Hindus and Muslims of Bengal urging them to protest together against the British Empire.
The attempt to Tagore was not so successful. Bengal was divided during the colonial era, on one side has become the modern Bangladesh, predominantly Muslim, the other became the Indian state of West Bengal, predominantly Hindu. Thanks to the effort of Rabindranath Tagore, even today, in some parts of West Bengal, the tradition of Raksha Bandhan is deeply felt and continues today.
Even South India celebrates Raksha Bandhan, known as Nariyal Purnima or even Coconut Full Moon. Along the endless beaches of Mumbai, the full moon in August and September, people gather to greet the end of the monsoon offering coconut to the sea and Varuna, his god.
The full moon day of this month the Brahmans replace the sacred cord that carry on her shoulder and around the chest. On the same day we celebrate the feast of her sister , that is when brothers and sisters reaffirm their bonds of affection. The girls weave colorful Rakhis, cords variously decorated, and bind them on the wrists of brothers, who in return promise to protect them and respect them at every opportunity. Today Rakhis already packaged to suit all budgets and are sold everywhere.
The girls in this day that bind the cord to the wrist of a boy, even completely unknown, will be considered and treated from that moment without any exceptions as sisters, which is an excellent tactic to deter unwanted suitors!
Here are a few SMS and messages for brothers and sisters in hindi:
aya hai ek tyohar,
jisme hota hai bhai, behen ka pyar,
chalo manaye khusiyo se ye tyohar,
saari dunaya se pyari meri behana ka pyar,
chalo manaye rakhi ka tyohar.
Happy *RAKSHA BANDHAN*
taro ka chamkta ghana ho,
meri behana sabse nayare ho
jab bande mujhe rakhi vo
meri didi sabse pyari ho
Phoolon Ka Taaron Ka Sabka Kehna Hai
Ek Hazaron Mein Meri Behna Hai
Sari Umar Hame Sang Rehna Hai.