Vasant Panchami marks the beginning of the spring season. In the eastern part of India, especially in West Bengal, is celebrated as Saraswati Puja. Saraswati is the goddess of education and the arts, it is depicted with Vina (musical instrument), mala (rosary), the lotus flower. Her sacred animal is the white swan, which flies. A stringed instrument from which it was extracted Sitar).
The theme here is that of purity, innocence and transcendence. Bright as the moon, whose purity is shining and entirely virtuous and spiritual, unlike other Hindu goddesses who are identified with fertility and sexuality, Saraswati gives birth to works of art instead of the children and myths about her sexual function is not highlighted.
Punjab and Bihar celebrate it as a festival of kites. However, in ancient times, the festival was held in the royal palace of Kamadeva. The human thought, memory and intelligence have created creative culture and so Sarawati has become the goddess of culture. She is also the inspiration in the arts, and is often invoked by poets, but it is also connected with music, dance and science. Saraswati is usually described with a divine or a flute and a holy book.
Aurobindo sees Saraswati as the inspiration that comes from the Truth-Consciousness, through the constant action of the inspiration she brings to consciousness the truth in our thoughts. Human knowledge and its expression in speech and exposure were revered as sacred. With the knowledge of humanity could bring order to the chaos and supernatural interact with the forces of the universe and the ritual and its use of the word in the hymns and invocations had support of the cosmic order. The sound inspired by the form of prayer, prayer and hymn, was the engine of the ritual.
Saraswati sometimes appears in a group of three goddesses. It is associated with Ila and Bharati or Mahi. Other times it appears in the group of goddesses who formed Gayatri (Gayatri Mantra, the most famous Hindu mantra): Gayatri (Mistress of our Prana), Savitri (the vital principle.) And Saraswati (the representation of our speech, language ). And yet in the triad lunar Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. Durga represents the battle (the Virgin Warrior), Lakshmi represents the abundance (Mother Earth) and Sarasvati represents wisdom (old all-knowing).
In this festival everyone prefer the yellow inspired by the blossoming of mustard. In fact, the worshipers of Saraswati use of chrome yellow dress and the food contains turmeric or saffron which gives the dishes a beautiful yellow gold. As the Goddess Sarasvati (wife of Brahma) is the symbol of wisdom (port hand in the Vedas) is also celebrated in schools and academies of art and cultural and artistic events are organized in his honor. The date of this festival follows the lunar calendar and falls on a different date each year.
Saraswati is worshiped as the goddess of wisdom, knowledge, music and the intellect. So Matangi, as Saraswati, plays the veena and governs every audible sound and music in general, not just the word. She is the manifest form of song, sound, vibration, Nada, which flows through the channels, Nadis, pervading the whole body and mind.
Though primarily a Goddess Sarasvati is the largest of all the rivers (and therefore of nutrition, fertility, cleansing, wealth and prosperity), is also described as the one who inspired songs, poems, thoughts and the knowledge of the truth. This is the seed of her next role as the goddess of learning, inspiration and eloquence. Although the Sarasvati is not identified as precisely as the river in later texts, the Goddess continues to be associated with water, not only with clouds and rain that may occur, but also with water in general and the sacred drink Soma that pervades all creation.
She dominates everything, supports and carries the divine drink of immortality and vision (Soma). You are done through the rituals that open the world of the gods. It is she who allows humans to perceive, to feel, to breathe even eat. In other words is Saraswati that makes them alive. It gives human beings the wisdom and understanding of the world and visionary poetic of the great sages, the rishis. At a more mundane level, is the means by which friends can recognize their friendship, so like-minded people can find each other and share their understanding of the world.
Saraswati is the word as a manifestation of thought, the goddess of eloquence and of any other form of expression of inner knowledge, including the various forms of art, music and dance.