Dance of Reality


In such a view of the dance, which in India is represented by numerous schools and traditions, stripped of coaxing disco and take on genius. In fact, in India the dance is a form of artistic expression, characterized by very strong links with the mythology and classical literature, thus becoming state of the soul that recalls the dance as an act of creation. With dancing man enters the sacred. This is also a natural human instinct which is found in prehistoric times and that connects people around the world. Everything starts with the cosmic dance of Shiva, the god of the Hindu trinity and kings of the dancers, who with his movements keeps the cosmic rhythms.



A concept that has not only religious symbolism, just think of the rhythm of the vibrations of our quartz watches that fit the rhythms of the universe. Even life is rhythm in a trivial hen's egg, just a few hours after fertilization was born a pulsation in the very place where, later on, beat a heart that does not exist yet: the rhythm anticipates both the organ that the embryo. For the Hindu spirituality dance from an intuitive response to a question insoluble at an intellectual level, because God has never bothered to create this gigantic universe with its billions of suns. God is not self-sufficient. For a game, a dance. Since neither the game nor the dance in need of justification, they are self-sufficient.


So the dance is transformed into sacred experience, a ritualistic art form, a divine gift to humanity, that humanity itself practice to please the divine. The mythological story goes that the Natya Shastra is the fifth Veda, called for this reason also Natya Veda. In the form of Nataraja he is beautifully represented in the pose with the left leg raised and the left foot shows the path of salvation, while under the right foot is a dwarf, the symbol of the ego and its limits, whose smallness characterizes its small size.

The right hand with the palm facing the observer, in the mudra called pataka to protect the devotees, the left is in a mudra called kari, similar to the mudra dola, which means I AM HERE. The other right hand holds a small drum, a symbol of passing time, the pace of life and in the left hand there is a flame, that is the creative energy and purifying force.


It was inspired by Brahma, the Creator of the Universe, and was composed by extracting characteristics from each of the four Vedas, the Rig Veda Brahma drew his acting, drew the abhinaya from the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the song Atharvaveda the rasa. Legend has it that Bharatamuni received, therefore, the Natya Shastra by Brahma. In another fundamental text on Indian dance, Abhinaya Darpanam, it is said that Brahma gave him his first lessons in the natya Bharata Muni.

Following Bharata Muni, with the help of Gandharvas and Apsaras, the celestial dancers and singers, presented the three forms of dance natya, nrtya and nritta before the lord Shiva. Recalling his violent style of dance, Shiva then asked the aide Tandu, assisted by the following, to transmit the technique to Bharata Muni.


As if that were not enough, affectionately asked his wife Parvati to show the essay style Lasya. Understood the technique, the holy bother to transmit knowledge to others. And so here are the two fundamental characteristics of Indian dance: the style tandava, energetic and impetuous, and the laasya, sweet and feminine. Shiva as Lord of the Dance, is called NATARAJA or even NATESHWARA, which are no more than two of the 108 principal names of God.


Shiva Nataraja is the supreme lord to which the dancer turns and always inspires. The magnificent temple that is dedicated, in Chidambaram, is the place where every year on the occasion of the festival dedicated to him between February and March, the Mahashivarathri, many dancers and dancers perform to pay homage. For 4 or 5 consecutive nights, performances continue until the wee hours of the morning.

In the early twentieth century moralist attitude against dancing, reached its maximum fervor to the detriment of all forms of artistic representation. In the 1920s, at the same time the constant harassment, spread within the thoughts of the Indian bourgeoisie more enlightened, the need to recover the cultural roots of the nation. Gandhi himself asserted that any form of independence by a hegemonic country needed the recovery of thought, culture and traditions of indigenous peoples.

Autumn is the time to start over and between these activities, even physical ones. Why not choose, instead of the usual gym, a course in Indian dance. Let's start from the most classical dance Kuchipudi , a form of sacred art, which was practiced in India from dancers-priestesses as devotional prayer to the gods. In Italy, in Turin, at the dance school Sruti directed by Chitrangi Upamah, Mauritian of Indian family, teacher, and the only representative of the style of classical Indian dance Kuchipudi in Italy, you could learn the basics.

spirit will rise, once you you cut your teeth in hasta bheda, the movements of the hands, able to create birds, gods, flowers or eye movements, Drishti bheda, head shiro bheda, and neck bheda cheerfulness. And you will make a lot of motion, since according to this classical dance the basic movements of the body (kerana) 108 are well.

If you want to stay always on the classic, another one of the schools where you can learn the oldest form of theater Indian dance, the Bharata Natyam. This type of solo dance considered in India a form of Yoga in fast motion and engages the whole body in sweeping movements and always symmetrical, and even the muscles of the face because the expressions of emotions and moods are an essential feature. A challenging style, in short, that requires a lot of training and good gymnastic skills!

Indian dance form which ultimately is the most popular: a specialty is generically called Bollywood, which in reality are mixed different types of dance, from classical to Bhangra an Indian folk dance, originally from the Punjab region to jazz and hip-hop.

The dance in India is the oldest of the temples. The Vedas mention as one of the sacred offerings to the gods and, in mythology, the god Shiva creates and destroys the world in its manifestation as Nataraja , the king of the dance.

In all the temples, the caves of Ajanta and Ellora in those medieval times, there are performances of dance and music. In the past, the temple was an important religious, social and cultural development. Inside every day professional dancers entertained the gods and goddesses with their art and, during the holiday also the human audience, staging mythological stories and perpetuating the Hindu culture.

From the ancient dances, those represented in the reliefs and described in the classical texts, derive all forms of contemporary classical dance, such as the Bharatnatyam, Odissi, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Kathak. Each differs in style and technique, have in common the same language of signs with his hands mudras, the same expressions of emotions bhava and the aesthetics prescribed in Natya Shastra, an authoritative treatise on the performing arts.

From the days of the Middle Ages to today's dance traditions have gone through moments of decadence, in which the dancers needed more men that the gods have been banned by the British Victorians, to come back into vogue, revised and corrected from the last century. To promote classical art and revive the glories of the past in some of the most important temples from the archaeological point of view there are Dance Festival. Attending these events provides the opportunity to see shows striking with the most famous artists in the house of art itself.

Here are our suggestions, you need to consider when planning a trip. The dates of some festivals have not yet been set, keep informed by visiting the website of the organizers.

Ellora-Ajanta Festival

Where: Soneri Mahal, Aurangabad. When: January 26, 2013

Until 2002, the festival took place in front of the Kailash Temple in Ellora, today in a historic building of the seventeenth century. Renowned musicians and Indian dancers will perform for four days, bringing in the heart of the history and culture of this land: classical dance, folk, concerts and performances Sufis. By day you can literally enter into the womb of the three major Indian religions (Hinduism, Buddhism and gainismo), visiting 41 temples carved out of the rock. Tickets for the festival can be purchased directly at the entrance or at the tourist office in the city MTDC, the price varies from 25 to 600 rupees.

Konark Dance Festival

Where: Konark Natya Mandap, Arka Vihar, Konark When: February 19 to 23

As the sun sets the rhythm of the drums and the tinkling of anklets of the dancers transformed into poetry refined sculptures that form the backdrop for the festival. A precious moment in which culture becomes alive. The festival, created by the great maestro of Odissi dance Gangadhar Pradhan, is a celebration of dance odissi, bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Kathak, with shows also dance with masks Chau.

Khajuraho Dance Festival

Where: occidental temples, Khajuraho When: 20-26 February 2013

One of the most beautiful festival for the setting, in the theater under the stars in front of the temple and the Chitragupta Temple Vishwanath illuminated for the occasion. The apsara stone marvel that during the visit to the archaeological park, come to life in the blood and veins of dancers who perform starting at 7 pm. At the festival of classical dance, regular fixture since 2002, participating in the best national and international artists.

Natyanjali Dance Festival

Where: Chidambaram, Tamilnadu When: March 10

The temple of Chidambaram is both artistic monument and center of religiosity alive. Each year the halls colonnades near the cell reverberate sacred music and dance steps that you offer to the great master divine Shiva Nataraja, Lord of Dance, on the occasion of his festival Maha Shivaratri. Worship and art are inseparable in the Hindu religion, the festival is a manifestation of the living.

Elephanta Festival

Where: Elephanta Cave, Mumbai When: March 26 (date to be confirmed)

The beautiful cave with huge sculptures of Lord Shiva is located on an island in front of Mumbai. From the sea the fishermen welcome you singing traditional songs and sharing their ancestral traditions. A real welcome to festival dedicated to classical forms of dance, which does not exclude people because wherever the dance and the music are gifts of Shiva.

If this year is not the right one for a trip to India, perhaps 2014 will be. Planning for the future also consider these other festivals:

Mamallapuram Dance Festival

Where: Arjuna's Penance, Mamallapuram , Tamil Nadu When: December to January

Modhera Dance Festival

Where: Sun Temple, Modhera, Gujarat When: January

Ekamra Utsav

Where: Mukteswar temple, Orissa When: January

Pattadakal Dance Festival

Where: Pattadakal, Karnataka When: late January-early February





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